Georg Zachmann is a Senior Fellow at Bruegel, where he has worked since 2009 on energy and climate policy. His work focuses on regional and distributional impacts of decarbonisation, the analysis and design of carbon, gas and electricity markets, and EU energy and climate policies. Previously, he worked at the German Ministry of Finance, the German Institute for Economic Research in Berlin, the energy think tank LARSEN in Paris, and the policy consultancy Berlin Economics.
Disclaimer of external interests
Europe must move beyond blocking agreement on a coordinated solution and undermining EU unity in the face of Russian aggression.
An EU gas price cap would be counterproductive, but the reasons why it is supported widely must be acknowledged and addressed.
An EU energy fund is justified, but for different reasons than commonly assumed, with implications for the fund’s design.
The €200 billion “defence shield” risks undermining European solidarity. This could be avoided by designing it well.
Action to intervene in the gas and electricity wholesale markets is also being taken at European Union level, which is what we analyse in this paper.
The current crisis looks set to leave behind it a radically different system, but what that system will look like remains an open question
Why a “Go It Alone” Approach Will Leave Countries in the Cold This Winter
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A price cap on Russian oil might improve the current western sanctions regime, but effectiveness will depend on the west’s willingness
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The platform could become an effective emergency tool to safeguard Europe’s gas supply, but policymakers need to address challenges to make it work.
The ban on most Russian oil significantly scales up the EU response to aggression against Ukraine, but the bloc should stand ready for retaliation.
The EU lacks the coordination structure and transparent data necessary to most effectively navigate an embargo on Russian oil.
Even at this late hour, the European Union should consider taking a different path.
Letter published in Science.
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A tariff on imports of Russian fossil fuels would allow Europe to hit Russia's energy sector without great suffering.
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The 2 May meeting of EU energy ministers should deliver strong and common EU action. Failing to do so would undermine Europe’s unity, energy security
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The European Union can manage without Russian gas next winter, but must be united in taking difficult decisions, accepting that in many cases it won’t
How Europe can protect itself from Russian blackmail.
This Blueprint includes some of the Group’s most prominent voices on the different aspects of the multidimensional issue of green recovery.
The EU taxonomy grossly simplifies a complex and dynamic world. It might help prevent green-washing but other tools are needed to guide green investme
If Russian gas stops flowing, measures to replace supply won’t be enough. The European Union will need to curb demand, implying difficult and costly d
Given the size and urgency of the transition, the current knowledge infrastructure in Europe is insufficient.
Europe may not have enough natural gas in storage for the coming winter; close monitoring of the situation will be essential.
Alongside short-term measures to shield consumers from rising energy prices, EU countries have set out their positions on medium-term measures to prev
Determining a robust mix of energy carriers for a carbon-neutral EU
Study for the German Federal Foreign Office produced by Bruegel, the Kiel Institute for the World Economy and DIW Berlin.
Energy transitions manifest themselves across space and time. While necessary targets for decarbonisation are apparent, the accompanying shifts in spa
The only thing Europe can quickly do to prevent a potentially difficult winter is to actively promote energy conservation in both the residential and
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Who should bear more and who less of the burden achieving climate policy goals?
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The European Union finds itself at the centre of a three-dimensional puzzle. Burdens need to be shared between 450 million citizens, 25 million busine
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Policymakers must address the need to displace carbon-intensive hydrogen with low-carbon hydrogen, and incentivise the uptake of hydrogen.
Putting carbon pricing at the centre of the EU climate policy architecture would provide major benefits. Obtaining these benefits requires a uniform,
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Since the beginning of the COVID-19 crisis, Bruegel’s new tool has gauged the impact of the crisis on economic activity by tracking changes in electri
This Policy Contribution proposes a staged support scheme to tackle the COVID-19 vaccine challenge and a moon shot programme to meet the challenge of
Comparing average weekday hourly electricity demand for the last few weeks to the year before, we visualise the moment when the current crisis began t
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A European Climate and Sustainable Development Bank could become the external investment arm of the European Green Deal.
Concern is growing in the European Union that a rapprochement between Russia and China could have negative implications for the EU.
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Ursula von der Leyen has proposed a European Green Deal that would make Europe climate neutral by 2050. With this Policy Contribution, the authors pro
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The new members of the European Parliament and European Commission who start their mandates in 2019 should put in place major policy elements to unlea
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Simone Tagliapietra and Georg Zachmann write on the climate governance lesson European governments should learn from the "gilets jaunes" experience.
The distributional consequences are likely to be a major driver of future climate policies. Policymakers will not accept forceful decarbonisation poli
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The low-carbon technology sector is going through a period of disruptive innovation and strongly increased investment, which is likely to continue. Gl
The EU needs a new approach to long-term climate strategy to ensure that EU climate policy is brought in line with the goals of Paris and takes into a
Testimony before the European Parliament's Committee on Industry, Research and Energy
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China, the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) are responsible for the majority of global emissions of greenhouse gases, and produce about
Euronest Parliamentary Assembly, 1 December 2016.
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