- This dataset aggregates daily data on European natural gas import flows and storage levels.
- Acute interest has developed in these indicators in response to soaring energy prices which are largely due to a tight natural gas market.
- The behaviour of Gazprom in using (or not using) specific supply routes and storage facilities has been the focus of public attention.
- We hope this dataset – which we will regularly update - provides some easily usable insight into the current status of European natural gas supply situation.
Last update: 20 September 2023
Warning: On 13 September 2023, we shifted from using the ENTSOG transparency platform to the GIE Aggregate LNG Storage Inventory database for all LNG points. The methodological change was adopted after the ENTSOG transparency platform discontinued the reporting at some LNG entry points such as Agia Triada in Greece.
To download the data of the figures please use the download button in the top-left of the page. For any questions or comments, please get in contact with [email protected].
Figure 1 shows weekly extra-EU27 imports of natural gas for 2021 and 2022, compared with weekly minimum and maximum import values for the period 2015-2020. By selecting from the dropdown, the figure shows total imports but also imports exclusively from Russia, Norway, Algeria, Azerbaijan pipelines, liquefied natural gas (LNG, gas transported by ship from around the world), and the net imports from the UK.
The map (Figure 2) displays the most relevant pipeline import routes into the EU and the location of LNG terminals. The largest share of gas used to be delivered from Russia via four distinct corridors Nord Stream, Yamal (via Poland), Ukraine, and Turkstream (via Turkey). These different Russian gas routes are at the heart of current geopolitical tensions.
Figure 2: Main EU Natural Gas Imports routes covered in our analysis
Figure 3 shows weekly import data via each of these routes, again comparing to the minimum and maximum values from the period 2015-2020.
Figure 4 displays EU27 LNG monthly imports by region of origin since January 2020. While in summer 2021 natural gas imported from Russia via pipeline started to diminish, Russian LNG volumed reaching European LNG terminals have, to date, remained unaffected.
Figure 5 shows the weekly rate of regassification usage in 2022 versus the 2019-2021 average for those EU countries having operative LNG terminals. The rate of regassification capacity use may signal where supply bottlenecks are located.
Figure 6 shows actual daily imports for the last 30 days. Imports are split by Russian routes, as well as shown for Norway, Algeria, Azerbaijan, LNG and the net imports from the UK.
Alongside import volumes, the levels of storage within the EU’s borders are key for providing (or not) reassurance to markets.
In Figure 7, we provide data on current weekly levels of storage in the EU and in Ukraine.
Figure 8 shows the natural gas gross-exports from EU countries to Ukraine. Flows might increase if the EU traders use more of the Ukrainian gas storage potential.
In the first tab of Figure 9, we show the current storage level and the relative maximum storage capacity by country. In the second and third tabs it is displayed the change in storage level occurred in the last 30 days.
We aggregate the data using the API provided by Entsog. To ensure consistency, we construct our dataset matching import flows to those provided by the IEA. We perform quality checks by comparing each import point with the IEA. We include all extra-EU trading points, apart from those with Switzerland and the Balkans.
Appendix A1 explains how we match ENTSOG points with IEA data, and then attribute these points to the exporting country/route.
For figure 4 we aggregate monthly data from Bloomberg on LNG ships docking in EU ports. Please note that the numbers might be slightly different from those in Figure 1, where we use the LNG sends-out (from the terminals/FSRUs) using ENTSO-G data. The mismatch is due to the time lag between a tanker arriving in a EU port and its LNG being regasified and dispatched to the gas grid.
For the regassification utilization rate we use APIs provided by Gas Infrastructure Europe on their ALSI website.
Appendix A2 shows the 2021 dates which correspond to the week numbers shown in the figures.
The data is subject to the author’s best interpretation of that provided by Entsog.
Data Policy: This page provides a number of Bruegel datasets for public use. Users can freely use our data in its unchanged form or after any transformation for any purpose and can freely distribute it, provided that proper attribution is made to the source, but not in any way that suggests that Bruegel endorses the user or their use of the data.