External publication

Decarbonisation of energy

Determining a robust mix of energy carriers for a carbon-neutral EU

Publishing date
22 November 2021



This briefing paper was prepared for the European Parliament’s Committee on Economic and Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). The study is available on the European Parliament’s online database, ‘ThinkTank‘. Copyright remains with the European Parliament at all times.

Decarbonising the energy system requires a fundamental
transformation in the way societies provide, transport and consume energy. Disagreement exists over how this system should look in 2050. The large-scale expansion of low-carbon electricity, phase-out of unabated fossil fuels, and widespread direct electrification are uncontroversial. In more controversial areas, like the deployment of hydrogen and synthetic methane, policy should forcefully explore options and be willing to accept and learn from failures. This report discusses concrete policy options for doing so.

This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE).

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