The project on the Future of Work and Inclusive Growth marked its first anniversary in 2021. The project team closely analysed the impact of technology on the nature, quantity and quality of work, welfare systems and inclusive growth at large. That included exploring the role of technology and AI in reshaping society, particularly when subject to extreme stress (eg during a pandemic), and considering those who have been most affected by these forces in the short and long terms.
Our researchers also started a transatlantic expert exchange on the topic of the future of work, in order to feed into current and future EU-US policy dialogues and to develop policy ideas to address challenges related to the future of work. Moreover, we have continued to look into the issues of convergence and divergence within the EU single market, with a particular focus on identifying how the process of convergence itself links to greater inclusiveness of the different segments of society across the EU.
High-capacity broadband infrastructure will be a key enabler of a forward-looking recovery after COVID-19.
How can Europe and the United States adapt social protection system to meet the vastly developing labour market?
Low-skill workers have seen faster wage growth than high-skill workers in many EU countries, contrary to the United States.
Labour-market data from online sources can identify emerging occupations and skill demand, helping policymakers prepare better for future needs.
Labour-market data on LGBTQIA+ people is limited, but there is some evidence that those in same-sex partnerships experience discrimination.
Europe should investigate the possibility of ‘digital frontier worker’ status for cross-border remote workers.
How do gender stereotypes and gendered work segregation, and digitalisation and automation, result in a vicious cycle of digital gender inequality?
In a changing global framework, is it time for a robot tax and how would it need to be structured and effectively implemented?
What does the future look like for the self-employed and what does it mean for traditional workers?
Policymakers should strengthen the role of social partners in the adoption of AI technology to protect workers’ bargaining power.
A review of changes in the way we work.
For many newly emerging jobs, labour-market mismatches prevail as workers and firms are unable to apply precise occupation taxonomies and training lag
To improve wellbeing at work, job quality policy should pay more attention to imbalances in job content and the social environment at work.
What is the current state of pensions policy in Europe and how are independent workers treated compared with their traditionally employed counterparts
We define biometric technologies as AI technologies that rely on biometric data to derive inferences about the individual whose data is collected.
Self-employed women are at a wealth disadvantage, according to ECB household finance data, and thus have more to gain from policies that spur saving.
The self-employed are a diverse group, but they can help us better understand the drivers of well-being at work and help design better policies.
The lowest income households are suffering disproportionally from the current inflation increase, with rising energy prices the main culprit.
A selection of charts from Bruegel’s weekly newsletter, analysis of the year and what it meant for the economy in Europe and the world.
The scope of the Digital Markets Act has emerged as one of the most contentious issues in the regulatory discussion. Here, we assess which companies c
A European initiative strengthening rights for gig workers is welcome. A digitised economy should also be inclusive.
Skills, data and financing shortcomings constrain artificial-intelligence innovation in Europe.
The pandemic has disproportionately affected women both professionally and at home. Although the gender gap in labour force participation since the on
The G20 is not doing enough to support strong, balanced, sustainable and inclusive growth in the wake of COVID-19, with the poorest countries left beh
Online job postings indicate that demand from top tech firms for frontier IT skills is about double their demand for other IT skills.
Policymakers should act to deal with labour-market concentration trends that potentially harm workers, especially gig workers and the self-employed.
More remote working in the wake of the pandemic could exacerbate wage inequality, with young workers, women and the low educated potentially losing ou
Post-pandemic hybrid work models should be carefully planned, taking into account individual and organisational needs.
Employers and artificial intelligence developers should ensure new technologies work for workers by making them trustworthy, easy to use and valuable
Algorithmic management is the twenty-first century’s scientific management. Job quality measures should be included explicitly in health and safety ri
The experiences of the self-employed could give a glimpse into the future of work for knowledge workers in a post-pandemic world.
COVID-19 vaccination campaigns in the fastest-moving countries show signs of reinforcing inequality. European Union countries can avoid these pitfalls
Workers with low-educational levels suffered far worse than others in terms of COVID-19 related job losses during the first half of 2020 in the EU. Jo
Even before the pandemic, youth unemployment in the European Union was three times higher than among the over-55s. COVID-19 threatens to undo the last
A job polarisation trend has seen relatively more workers in the European Union employed in skilled and unskilled jobs, while mid-skilled jobs have be