Explore the changing nature of work, what it means for job quality and wellbeing as well as the impact of technology on jobs.
The project on the Future of Work and Inclusive Growth marked its first anniversary in 2021. The project team closely analysed the impact of technology on the nature, quantity and quality of work, welfare systems and inclusive growth at large. That included exploring the role of technology and AI in reshaping society, particularly when subject to extreme stress (eg during a pandemic), and considering those who have been most affected by these forces in the short and long terms.
Our researchers also started a transatlantic expert exchange on the topic of the future of work, in order to feed into current and future EU-US policy dialogues and to develop policy ideas to address challenges related to the future of work. Moreover, we have continued to look into the issues of convergence and divergence within the EU single market, with a particular focus on identifying how the process of convergence itself links to greater inclusiveness of the different segments of society across the EU.
Recently published and updated
Artificial intelligence adoption in the public sector: a case study
This case study illustrates the drivers of and barriers to AI adoption by organisations, and acceptance of AI by workers in the public sector.
The future of work: a transatlantic perspective on challenges and opportunities
A compilation of research outputs from the transatlantic expert group project, in e-book format.
Why do patriarchal systems survive?
In this podcast episode, we explore how the patriarchy intersects with economy, society and polity.
Uptake and inequality of telework dashboard
A dashboard that monitors the uptake and inequality of telework in the EU across countries, years, occupations and socio-demographic groups.
The hidden inequalities of digitalisation in the post-pandemic context
Digital automation has affected working conditions quite broadly, beyond job loss, in several other important ways.
Understanding barriers and resistance to training in the European Union
People with less education are also less able and willing to participate in training; understanding why is essential to prevent a widening skill gap.
Strengthening the security of supply of products containing Critical Raw Materials
Central Bank digital currencies as weapons of finance?
An analysis on how CBDCs can be used in emerging economies to include more people in financial systems.
Five lessons from the Recovery and Resilience Facility for future crisis-response instruments
Presented as a new departure in EU policy-making, the EU’s Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) is now in its second year of implementation.
Future of Work and Inclusive Growth in Europe
A long-lasting European research-to-action platform, in collaboration with the Mastercard Impact Fund and Mastercard Center for Inclusive Growth.Discover the project
Promotion of high capacity broadband to rebuild and recover from the pandemic
High-capacity broadband infrastructure will be a key enabler of a forward-looking recovery after COVID-19.
A gender perspective on artificial intelligence and jobs: The vicious cycle of digital inequality
How do gender stereotypes and gendered work segregation, and digitalisation and automation, result in a vicious cycle of digital gender inequality?
The impact of artificial intelligence on the nature and quality of jobs
Policymakers should strengthen the role of social partners in the adoption of AI technology to protect workers’ bargaining power.
Policies to support the self-employed in the labour markets of the future
A review of changes in the way we work.
Is the workforce ready for the jobs of the future? Data-informed skills and training foresight
For many newly emerging jobs, labour-market mismatches prevail as workers and firms are unable to apply precise occupation taxonomies and training lag
Beating burnout: identifying bad jobs and improving job quality
To improve wellbeing at work, job quality policy should pay more attention to imbalances in job content and the social environment at work.
Transatlantic Expert Group on the Future of Work
Promoting the exchange of views and best practices in the area of the future of work that can feed current and future EU-US policy dialogue.Explore the project
The ‘anywhere’ jobs are not everywhere – they’re in cities
Given new remote working arrangements, online gigs can be completed in the lowest-cost locations; they’re mainly done by workers in large cities.
The sometimes puzzling differences in transatlantic earnings growth
Low-skill workers have seen faster wage growth than high-skill workers in many EU countries, contrary to the United States.
Using online data to glimpse into the future of work
Labour-market data from online sources can identify emerging occupations and skill demand, helping policymakers prepare better for future needs.
Do LGBTQIA+ people face EU labour market discrimination?
Labour-market data on LGBTQIA+ people is limited, but there is some evidence that those in same-sex partnerships experience discrimination.
Cross-border telework in the EU: fab or fad?
Europe should investigate the possibility of ‘digital frontier worker’ status for cross-border remote workers.
Closing the gender gap for self-employed women in the European Union
Self-employed women are at a wealth disadvantage, according to ECB household finance data, and thus have more to gain from policies that spur saving.
Can working solo be good for entrepreneurs?
The self-employed are a diverse group, but they can help us better understand the drivers of well-being at work and help design better policies.
Who is suffering most from rising inflation?
The lowest income households are suffering disproportionally from the current inflation increase, with rising energy prices the main culprit.
12 Charts for 21
A selection of charts from Bruegel’s weekly newsletter, analysis of the year and what it meant for the economy in Europe and the world.
Which platforms will be caught by the Digital Markets Act? The ‘gatekeeper’ dilemma
The scope of the Digital Markets Act has emerged as one of the most contentious issues in the regulatory discussion. Here, we assess which companies c
An inclusive European Union must boost gig workers’ rights
A European initiative strengthening rights for gig workers is welcome. A digitised economy should also be inclusive.
The triple constraint on artificial-intelligence advancement in Europe
Skills, data and financing shortcomings constrain artificial-intelligence innovation in Europe.
The socioeconomic effects of COVID-19 on women
The pandemic has disproportionately affected women both professionally and at home. Although the gender gap in labour force participation since the on
Strong, balanced, sustainable and inclusive growth? The G20 and the pandemic
The G20 is not doing enough to support strong, balanced, sustainable and inclusive growth in the wake of COVID-19, with the poorest countries left beh
Concentration of artificial intelligence and other frontier IT skills
Online job postings indicate that demand from top tech firms for frontier IT skills is about double their demand for other IT skills.
Making antitrust work for, not against, gig workers and the self-employed
Policymakers should act to deal with labour-market concentration trends that potentially harm workers, especially gig workers and the self-employed.
Remote work, EU labour markets and wage inequality
More remote working in the wake of the pandemic could exacerbate wage inequality, with young workers, women and the low educated potentially losing ou
Designing a hybrid work organisation
Post-pandemic hybrid work models should be carefully planned, taking into account individual and organisational needs.
Workers can unlock the artificial intelligence revolution
Employers and artificial intelligence developers should ensure new technologies work for workers by making them trustworthy, easy to use and valuable
Algorithmic management is the past, not the future of work
Algorithmic management is the twenty-first century’s scientific management. Job quality measures should be included explicitly in health and safety ri