The project on the Future of Work and Inclusive Growth marked its first anniversary in 2021. The project team closely analysed the impact of technology on the nature, quantity and quality of work, welfare systems and inclusive growth at large. That included exploring the role of technology and AI in reshaping society, particularly when subject to extreme stress (eg during a pandemic), and considering those who have been most affected by these forces in the short and long terms.
Our researchers also started a transatlantic expert exchange on the topic of the future of work, in order to feed into current and future EU-US policy dialogues and to develop policy ideas to address challenges related to the future of work. Moreover, we have continued to look into the issues of convergence and divergence within the EU single market, with a particular focus on identifying how the process of convergence itself links to greater inclusiveness of the different segments of society across the EU.
A timely discussion about the role AI plays in job quality
Policymakers should strengthen the role of social partners in the adoption of AI technology to protect workers’ bargaining power.
Self-employed women are at a wealth disadvantage, according to ECB household finance data, and thus have more to gain from policies that spur saving.
The self-employed are a diverse group, but they can help us better understand the drivers of well-being at work and help design better policies.
Guntram Wolff looks back at the past decade of Bruegel contribution to economic policy in Europe.
A review of changes in the way we work.
What is job quality and why does it matter?
For many newly emerging jobs, labour-market mismatches prevail as workers and firms are unable to apply precise occupation taxonomies and training lag
To improve wellbeing at work, job quality policy should pay more attention to imbalances in job content and the social environment at work.
What is the current state of pensions policy in Europe and how are independent workers treated compared with their traditionally employed counterparts
Technology may not have a significant negative impact on the quantity of jobs available to humans, but it certainly transforms them, changing how jobs
The digital transition should be managed – and taxed – alongside other societal transitions, but any tax on companies that replace employees with aut
The pandemic has shown that many workers can efficiently work remotely, with benefits for wellbeing and even productivity. The European Union should d
Policymakers must act to prevent lasting divergence within the EU and to prevent scarring from the fallout from the pandemic.
Less-educated workers have suffered most from job losses in the COVID-19 pandemic, and it is quite likely there was a significant increase in European
The lowest income households are suffering disproportionally from the current inflation increase, with rising energy prices the main culprit.
A selection of charts from Bruegel’s weekly newsletter, analysis of the year and what it meant for the economy in Europe and the world.
The scope of the Digital Markets Act has emerged as one of the most contentious issues in the regulatory discussion. Here, we assess which companies c
A European initiative strengthening rights for gig workers is welcome. A digitised economy should also be inclusive.
Skills, data and financing shortcomings constrain artificial-intelligence innovation in Europe.
The pandemic has disproportionately affected women both professionally and at home. Although the gender gap in labour force participation since the on
The G20 is not doing enough to support strong, balanced, sustainable and inclusive growth in the wake of COVID-19, with the poorest countries left beh
Online job postings indicate that demand from top tech firms for frontier IT skills is about double their demand for other IT skills. This could indic
Policymakers should act to deal with labour-market concentration trends that potentially harm workers, especially gig workers and the self-employed.
More remote working in the wake of the pandemic could exacerbate wage inequality, with young workers, women and the low educated potentially losing ou
Post-pandemic hybrid work models should be carefully planned, taking into account individual and organisational needs.
Employers and artificial intelligence developers should ensure new technologies work for workers by making them trustworthy, easy to use and valuable
Algorithmic management is the twenty-first century’s scientific management. Job quality measures should be included explicitly in health and safety ri
The experiences of the self-employed could give a glimpse into the future of work for knowledge workers in a post-pandemic world.
COVID-19 vaccination campaigns in the fastest-moving countries show signs of reinforcing inequality. European Union countries can avoid these pitfalls
Workers with low-educational levels suffered far worse than others in terms of COVID-19 related job losses during the first half of 2020 in the EU. Jo
Even before the pandemic, youth unemployment in the European Union was three times higher than among the over-55s. COVID-19 threatens to undo the last
A job polarisation trend has seen relatively more workers in the European Union employed in skilled and unskilled jobs, while mid-skilled jobs have be
Artificial intelligence and machine learning will significantly transform low-skilled jobs that have not yet been negatively affected by past technolo
Self-employed workers are hardest-hit by COVID-19 lockdowns. Yet they often receive less government support than salaried employees. Is the disparity