Bruegel’s macroeconomic policy research looks at monetary policy, fiscal policy and structural policies that will contribute to economic policies in the post-pandemic era. On monetary policy, our scholars have observed how central banks in advanced economies are being confronted with multiple dilemmas as inflation rises, while the European Central Bank’s pandemic emergency purchase programme continued. On fiscal policy, the main question has been when and how to roll back the stimulus as unemployment levels reached record lows.
Bruegel scholars continue to evaluate the measures put in place during the COVID-19 crisis in EU countries. Our researchers also assess structural policies to be put in place after COVID-19. Even though the horizon remains uncertain, given the evolution of the pandemic, questions such as the future of productivity growth after COVID-19 are important factors for recovery after decades characterised by slow productivity growth in advanced countries.
How to achieve debt sustainability and environmental sustainability in the bloc?
In this episode, we look at the 2023 State of the Union address delivered by Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission.
The event discusses urgent policies in Germany for addressing labor shortages and fostering long-term economic growth.
Launch of one of the IMF World Economic Outlook analytical chapters
Launch of the OECD Going for Growth flagship publication
At this event we focused on the EU's proposed growth plan for the Western Balkans
A glimpse into the evolving landscape of Europe's engagement with China.
Greece paid a high price for learning that it must reform and conform. The rest of the world will pay a much higher price for its unruly politics.
What Poland’s election means for the country and for Europe.
Focusing on the fiscal adjustment that the first regulation would require of countries with debt above the treaty benchmarks.