The global economy in continues to be affected by the pandemic. However, it is also marked by major geopolitical developments, from President Biden’s inauguration and a revival of the transatlantic relationship, to the continued rivalry with China, with the EU caught in-between these global trends.
Bruegel’s scholars cover the European Union’s increasing assertiveness towards neighbours over the past year, including the external repercussions of the European Green Deal, managing a crisis at its borders, building a future relationship with a former member, strengthening the international role of the euro and tackling a resurgent China.
How science fiction is shaping China’s economics, politics and society.
COVID-19 remains dangerous, but if Europe can continue its unprecedented fiscal co-operation the crisis could give way to a new era of prosperity.
A collection of articles compiled following a joint Bruegel-Intereconomics event on EU enlargment.
Lack of certainty that the euro will stay prevents it from a greater international role. Until addressed, the dollar will continue to be hegemon.
Despite high prices, China’s substantial spare oil refining capacity remains restricted.
Challenges of an energy independent Europe.
A price cap on Russian oil might improve the current western sanctions regime, but effectiveness will depend on the west’s willingness
Overall, Biden and Xi seem to be converging on their strategies for global dominance
Guntram Wolff looks back at the past decade of Bruegel contribution to economic policy in Europe.
07 June 2021
The European Union’s capital markets remain very underdeveloped compared to the United States. The market for equity, as measured as the size of the t
26 May 2021
Contrary to some narratives, China's business practices have improved, with a business environment that is generally more favourable than that in othe
20 May 2021
Policymakers must act to prevent lasting divergence within the EU and to prevent scarring from the fallout from the pandemic.
10 May 2021
Can research and innovation policies power growth? The answer currently can only be a timid yes.
04 May 2021
Escape variants can cause new waves of COVID-19 and put vaccination strategies at risk. To prevent or delay the global spread of these waves, virus mo
03 May 2021
Sovereign debt will be vital in stimulating sustainable investment, but information is lacking on how green public spending actually is.
13 April 2021
The European Union-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment binds Chinese liberalisation of its foreign investment regulations under an internation
31 March 2021
Policymakers must address the need to displace carbon-intensive hydrogen with low-carbon hydrogen, and incentivise the uptake of hydrogen as a means t
30 March 2021
Less-educated workers have suffered most from job losses in the COVID-19 pandemic, and it is quite likely there was a significant increase in European
23 March 2021
Everything that increases the interest of European citizens in the EU, independently of whether it has a critical or a supportive character, will serv
10 March 2021
Interest rates have been on a long-term decline, associated with declining productivity growth. To tackle this, the priorities are to reduce market co
09 March 2021
Putting carbon pricing at the centre of the EU climate policy architecture would provide major benefits. Obtaining these benefits requires a uniform,
02 March 2021
This paper aims to contribute to the understanding of Europe as reflected in European media.
24 February 2021
This paper assesses COVID-19 credit-support programmes in five of the largest European economies, and examines how countries have dealt with trade-off
23 February 2021
The concept of competitive neutrality can be used to assess how far a market is from being a competitive environment. In China, competitive neutrality
04 February 2021
A new approach, which estimates 'unexplained economic growth', provides insights into the types of European Union cohesion projects that produce bette