Bruegel datasets

Bruegel research is fact-based. Projects that start from a policy question regularly involve the creation of indicators, the gathering of data that are not readily available from international sources, or even the generation of new data. To make such material available to outside users is just another way to fulfil our mission to contribute to improving economic policy.

This data page provides a number of Bruegel datasets and also faciliates the link to exisiting data sources that Bruegel researchers often use. We trust that users will mention the Bruegel source in their own publications. Feedback on any inaccuracy or incompleteness is welcome.


Loan guarantees and other national credit-support programmes in the wake of COVID-19

Last update: 25 November 2020
This dataset provides commitment figures for the main credit support programmes (including loan guarantees) implemented to mitigate the economic effects of COVID-19 in France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom. Updated monthly, starting March 2020.

Global and regional Gini coefficients

Last update: 02 July 2019

This dataset includes annual data from 1988-2015 (or 1988-2016 for EU countries) on global and regional Gini coefficient estimates, using various methodologies, for several country groups.

The fiscal response to the economic fallout from the coronavirus

Last update: 24 November 2020

This regularly updated dataset summarises and quantifies discretionary fiscal actions adopted in response to the coronavirus pandemic in various European Union countries, the United Kingdom and the United States. It classifies measures in three categories: (1) immediate fiscal stimulus, (2) deferrals and (3) other liquidity and guarantee measures.

Bruegel electricity tracker of COVID-19 lockdown effects

Last updated: 4 December 2020

Daily updates to this dataset compare average weekday hourly electricity demand from the last few weeks in 2020 to the year before. Electricity demand can offer some insight into the ongoing economic effects of COVID-19 and associated lockdowns.

Divisia monetary aggregates for the euro area

Last update: 08 August 2020

This database includes euro-area simple-sum and Divisia monetary aggregates from the paper: Darvas, Zsolt (2014) 'Does Money Matter in the euro Area? Evidence from a New Divisa Index', Working Paper 2014/12, Bruegel, 6 November 2014.

Real effective exchange rates for 178 countries: a new database

Last update: 16 October 2020

This database includes real and nominal effective exchange rates from the papers:
- Darvas, Zsolt (2012a) 'Real effective exchange rates for 178 countries: a new database', Working Paper 2012/06, Bruegel, 15 March 2012
- Darvas, Zsolt (2012b) 'Compositional effects on productivity, labour cost and export adjustment', Policy Contribution 2012/11, Bruegel, 22 June 2012


Latest update: August 2016

EFIGE stands for “European Firms in a Global Economy: internal policies for external competitiveness” and examines the pattern of internationalisation of European firms. It is the follow-up project of the EFIM project - European Firms and International Markets. This new project, led by Bruegel, working together with seven other partners, has received the support of the Directorate General Research of the European Commission through its FP7 programme. It is running from September 1th 2008 to August 31th 2012.

Sovereign Bond Holdings

Last update: 29 April 2020

This dataset collects sectorial holdings of government debt for 12 countries, collected for public sources only. The value of this dataset comes especially from the broad coverage of euro area/EU countries, which to our knowledge is unprecedented.

Eurosystem liquidity

Last update: 9 March 2018

In this dataset, we provide a breakdown of the Eurosystem refinancing operations across countries and LTRO/MRO. While the ECB publishes the total numbers for the euro area, the breakdown across countries is to date not centrally available. We compile the data from the different national central banks.

Remerge: regression-based record linkage with an application to PATSTAT

Last update: 28 Septembre 2014

In this dataset we further extend the information content in PATSTAT by linking it to Amadeus, a large database of companies that includes financial information. Patent microdata is now linked to financial performance.