Explore architectural issues facing the European Union that will fuel the policy debate for the coming years.
COVID-19 will continue to affect all aspects of our lives and by extension the economy. This resulted in a continuation of major policy measures both at EU and member-state levels to manage the health and economic crises.
At European level, the Next Generation EU programme has radically changed the way the EU finances itself, interacts with financial markets and supports national recoveries. In late April, countries began submitting their Recovery and Resilience Plans. Bruegel scholars monitor the national plans as they were submitted, providing a comprehensive dataset and a series of analyses throughout the year.
Recently published and updated
A European Think Tank’s Experience with the Global Pandemic: The Case of Bruegel
This chapter reviews Bruegel's experience and role in policy formation during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Europe needs new rules if Russia offers gas again
Russia could try to split the EU with a strategic gas offer. Brussels should therefore re-regulate Russian gas imports.
Reinventing the European Union
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and new economic imperatives have called into question the EU’s long-standing reliance on regulatory standards as a form.
How Europe should answer the US Inflation Reduction Act
This policy brief explains what is in the IRA, the impact on the EU and other economies, and how the EU should react.
European Union countries’ recovery and resilience plans
Are sanctions against Russia working?
The Russian economic model is totally dependent on an industry that will become extinct.
Whither EU Fiscal Rulemaking?
Since fiscal discipline is essential for euro stability, any new governance framework must minimize the risk of cross-border negative spillovers.
What's the story? Narratives of EU reforms in parliaments and the media
This event organised in the frame of the EU3D project will feature two sessions analysing discourse about the EU.