Ben is working for Bruegel as an Affiliate fellow in the field of Energy and Climate Policy. His work involves data-driven analysis to critique and inform European public policy, specifically in the area of the energy sector and its decarbonisation. Recent work has focussed on the implications of the ongoing energy crisis and policy options for responding. Other topics of interest include tools for stimulating industrial decarbonisation and the implications for new economic geography from the advent of new energy systems, particularly from hydrogen.
He studied his MSc in Economic Policy at Utrecht University, completing a thesis investigating the economic effects of carbon taxation in British Colombia. Previously, he studied his BSc Economics at the University of Warwick, with one year spent studying at the University of Monash, Melbourne.
Ben is a dual British and Dutch citizen.
This dataset aggregates daily data on European natural gas import flows and storage levels.
Demand cuts, alternative supply and the green energy rollout mean the EU likely has enough gas for winter, even if Russian supplies are cut completely
To top up stored gas volumes for the coming winter, Europe can use spare capacity in Ukraine.
This book assesses what must be done to implement industrial policy in a way that will achieve overarching goals while minimising distortions.
How can the European Union achieve its target of eliminating all Russian fossil-fuel imports by 2027?
With sanctions incomplete, the European Union could pay Russia about €30 billion for fossil fuels in the next year.
The challenge now for policymakers and industry alike is to smoothly facilitate a transition toward structurally lower gas consumption.
A new European Union embargo on Russian oil products should not affect EU diesel supplies and prices, but could encourage re-routing by Russia.
We explore in detail the two pillars of energy security: LNG supply and the nature and volume of natural-gas demand reductions.
This contribution explores how Europe can manage without the imports of Russian coal, crude oil, oil products and natural gas.
The G7 Russian oil price cap is an ambitious but untested instrument. While pitfalls exist, the cap has the potential to be the most potent sanction.
In this paper we assess both the immediate economic impact and the likely longer-term impact of sanctions on the Russian economy.
The current crisis looks set to leave behind it a radically different system, but what that system will look like remains an open question
Why a “Go It Alone” Approach Will Leave Countries in the Cold This Winter
What would be the economic consequences of a complete halt to Russian gas imports?
Despite high prices, China’s substantial spare oil refining capacity remains restricted.
Without Russian gas, the European Union would have to reduce demand by approximately 15%, with big differences between different parts of Europe
The platform could become an effective emergency tool to safeguard Europe’s gas supply, but policymakers need to address challenges to make it work.
The ban on most Russian oil significantly scales up the EU response to aggression against Ukraine, but the bloc should stand ready for retaliation.
The EU lacks the coordination structure and transparent data necessary to most effectively navigate an embargo on Russian oil.
The European Union should apply a tariff on imports of Russian oil; it can be accompanied by a quota for a gradual, conditional phase-out.
Even before Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, high natural gas prices triggered an estimated European Union demand cut of about 7%.
A stop to Russian oil and coal supplies would push Europe into a short and painful adjustment period.
The European Union can manage without Russian gas next winter, but must be united in taking difficult decisions.
If Russian gas stops flowing, measures to replace supply won’t be enough. The European Union will need to curb demand, implying difficult and costly d
Given the size and urgency of the transition, the current knowledge infrastructure in Europe is insufficient.
Europe may not have enough natural gas in storage for the coming winter; close monitoring of the situation will be essential.
Determining a robust mix of energy carriers for a carbon-neutral EU
Energy transitions manifest themselves across space and time. While necessary targets for decarbonisation are apparent, the accompanying shifts in spa
What role will hydrogen play in Europe's decarbonisation?
Policies are needed to support green fuel switching by households; support should be phased out as the carbon price rises.
How the G20 can support the recovery with sustainable local infrastructure investment.
At this event, speakers will introduce the core idea of commercialisation contracts, and then discuss key design elements.
We outline the case for ‘commercialisation contracts’ (a form of carbon contracts for difference) to provide this transparent competition.
Policymakers must address the need to displace carbon-intensive hydrogen with low-carbon hydrogen, and incentivise the uptake of hydrogen.
President Biden has promised to implement a levy on carbon-intensive imports, albeit without a federal domestic carbon price. The measure faces a numb
What new innovative tools can we use to measure real-time economic and social risk?
In the wake of COVID-19, some economic recovery policies will help green the economy – for example, energy renovation of buildings.
Since the beginning of the COVID-19 crisis, Bruegel’s new tool has gauged the impact of the crisis on economic activity by tracking changes in electri
Comparing average weekday hourly electricity demand for the last few weeks to the year before, we visualise the moment when the current crisis began t
The European Commission should not make the implementation of a carbon border adjustment mechanism into a must-have element of its climate policy. The