The financial crisis, which is now hitting the new member states severely, highlights the shortcomings of the existing institutional architecture in Europe. Current strains reflect a revaluation of risks but they also result from policy mistakes. In this policy brief, Zsolt Darvas and Jean Pisani-Ferry show that some of the non euro-area new member states suffer from serious vulnerabilities, to which policy has been slow to respond. They believe that the crisis management in the euro area has had the unintended consequence of putting non euro-area new member states at disadvantage. These are unhealthy developments and without decisive action, a new political and economic divide within Europe may emerge.