Past Event

Free movement of data: how to maintain necessary sharing among the EU, UK, and USA?

In the current legal climate, how can the EU, the US and the UK continue to share data?

Date: November 25, 2020, 4:00 pm Topic: Digital economy and innovation

event and q&a

Bruegel · Free movement of data: How to maintain necessary sharing among the EU, USA, and UK?

At this event, we tackled the challenge of international transfers of personal data from the EU to two countries: the USA and the UK.

These transfers are essential to many economic activities in the EU, USA and UK. An adequacy decision enables the unrestricted flow of personal data to a non-EU country. Furthermore, data streams and sharing in the digital Single Market is important for digital and data sovereignty and competitiveness in Europe as a whole.

With the Schrems II decision, the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) invalidated the adequacy decision for Privacy Shield as regards transfers of personal data to the USA, and also made clear that no change to the the current mechanisms (including Standard Contractual Clauses, or SCCs) is sufficient in itself to fix the problem. The USA was felt to conduct excessive and disproportionate surveillance for national security purposes, and to provide EU persons with inadequate means of redress for improper government surveillance. But it is impractical to even begin to attempt to negotiate a better successor to Privacy Shield with the US government until the elections in the USA have been resolved.

Under those circumstances, what are EU firms that need to transfer personal data to the USA supposed to do? What workarounds are possible in the absence of an adequacy decision?

Closer to home, the UK urgently desires an adequacy decision, but faces multiple hurdles. Firstly, there seems to be no commitment on the part of the UK to maintain protection of personal data at a level at least as good as that of the GDPR going forward. Secondly, the UK’s surveillance for national security purposes appears to be no less intrusive than that of the USA, suggesting that an adequacy decision would be unlikely to survive judicial review unless additional safeguards were first agreed between the EU and the UK.

So the question rises again: What are EU firms that need to transfer personal data to the UK supposed to do while this sorts itself out? What are the implications?

Meanwhile, there is a clear opportunity within the EU to promote greater use of data, including non-personal data, and especially including non-personal public sector data and industrial data. What more can be done to facilitate the use of data within the EU as a means of strengthening the EU digital economy?

Schedule

Nov 25, 2020

16:00-17:00

Conversation

Chair: Reinhilde Veugelers, Senior Fellow

Christian Borggreen, Vice President & Head Of Office, CCIA Europe

Joe Jones, Head of team, UK Government Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport

Christian Kastrop, State Secretary, Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection, Germany

J. Scott Marcus, Senior Fellow

Speakers

Christian Borggreen

Vice President & Head Of Office, CCIA Europe

Joe Jones

Head of team, UK Government Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport

Christian Kastrop

State Secretary, Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection, Germany

J. Scott Marcus

Senior Fellow

Reinhilde Veugelers

Senior Fellow

Location & Contact

Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels

Katja Knezevic

[email protected]

Read article
 

Blog Post

Inclusive growth

Concentration of artificial intelligence and other frontier IT skills

Online job postings indicate that demand from top tech firms for frontier IT skills is about double their demand for other IT skills. This could indicate increasing concentration of skills in a few firms, with other firms left behind.

By: Wang Jin, Georgios Petropoulos and Sebastian Steffen Topic: Digital economy and innovation, Inclusive growth Date: October 21, 2021
Read about event
 

Past Event

Past Event

Monetary policy in the time of climate change

How does climate change influence monetary policy in the eurozone? What potential monetary policy measures should be taken up to address climate risks?

Speakers: Cornelia Holthausen, Jean Pisani-Ferry and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Green economy, Macroeconomic policy Date: October 20, 2021
Read about event
 

Past Event

Past Event

A hybrid future of work

Addressing employers’ and employees’ challenges.

Speakers: Julie Brophy, Joost Korte, Laura Nurski, Renske Paans and Alex A. Saliba Topic: Digital economy and innovation, Inclusive growth Date: October 19, 2021
Read article More by this author
 

External Publication

Global Economic Resilience: Building Forward Better

A roadmap for systemic economic reform calling for step-change in global economic governance to increase resilience and build forward better from economic shocks, prepared for the G7 Advisory Panel on Economic Resilience.

By: Thomas Wieser Topic: Global economy and trade, Macroeconomic policy Date: October 14, 2021
Read article More by this author
 

Podcast

Podcast

Is tech redefining the workplace for women?

Laura Nurski, Sabine Theresia Köszegi and Giuseppe Porcaro explore the relationship between artificial intelligence and job transformation and ask whether the impact differs by gender.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Digital economy and innovation, Inclusive growth Date: October 6, 2021
Read about event More on this topic
 

Upcoming Event

Dec
7-8
00:00

Future of work and inclusive growth - Annual conference

The inaugural conference of the the project Future of Work and Inclusive Growth in Europe.

Topic: Digital economy and innovation Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
Read about event More on this topic
 

Past Event

Past Event

What is the link between biodiversity loss and financial instability?

Biodiversity loss impacts financial stability. How big is the risk of biodiversity loss for financial institutions?

Speakers: Sylvie Goulard, Romain Svartzman, Guntram B. Wolff and Michael Wilkins Topic: Banking and capital markets Date: October 5, 2021
Read article More on this topic More by this author
 

Opinion

The geopolitical conquest of economics

Although economics and geopolitics have never been completely separate domains, international economic relations were shaped for 70 years by their own rules. But the rise of China and its growing rivalry with the United States have brought this era to an end.

By: Jean Pisani-Ferry Topic: Global economy and trade Date: October 4, 2021
Read about event More on this topic
 

Past Event

Past Event

How to strike the right balance between the three pillars of the pension system?

In this event panelists will discuss the future of European pension schemes.

Speakers: Elsa Fornero, Svend E. Hougaard Jensen and Suvi-Anne Siimes Topic: Macroeconomic policy Date: September 23, 2021
Read article More on this topic More by this author
 

Opinion

Europe doesn’t need a ‘Mega-Fab’

Europe should defend its existing dominance in equipment manufacturing for semiconductors and invest in chip design instead of luring high-end fabrication to its shores.

By: Niclas Poitiers Topic: Global economy and trade Date: September 22, 2021
Read article More on this topic More by this author
 

Blog Post

Opening up digital platforms and reducing anticompetitive risks

The current convergence in measures to open up digital platforms leaves a door open to some form of international coordination.

By: Georgios Petropoulos Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: September 22, 2021
Read article More on this topic
 

External Publication

Platform mergers and antitrust

Should internet era merger policy differ from industrial era merger policy? This paper was published in Industrial and Corporate Change by Oxford University Press.

By: Geoffrey Parker, Georgios Petropoulos and Marshall Van Alstyne Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: September 16, 2021
Load more posts