Podcast

Deep Focus: Balancing distributional inequalities of climate policies

Bruegel fellow Georg Zachmann talks through a Bruegel Blueprint he has co-authored, looking into the potential distributional effects of climate policies, in another episode of the Deep Focus series.

By: Date: December 7, 2018 Topic: Energy & Climate

Climate change is is one of the big questions of this century, and mitigating its effects remains an enormous challenge. Decarbonisation will require a massive shift in our economies. Heating, transport, electricity and industry will have to be transitioned to a world without fossil fuels. Agriculture and industry will have to find new ways to reduce emissions. This aim – as ambitious as it is essential – necessitates intrusive climate policies.

In this episode of Deep Focus, Sean Gibson interviews Georg Zachmann, a co-author of a recently published Blueprint on distributional effects of climate policies. They untangle the complicated picture of said effects, which may vary depending on the policy tool and its design, the sector addressed and the initial socio-economic conditions in the country. Some policy tools such as carbon taxes may leave low-income households worse off, while policies such as taxes on aviation may leave them better off relative to high-income households. Others, like public investment and agriculture policies, still have unclear effects.

One thing is for certain: whatever distributional effects climate policies may have, they constitute no argument against their implementation. Climate change would leave everyone worse off and disproportionately hit the poorest part of the population. It is therefore essential to design policies in a way that minimises the adverse effects on those most vulnerable.

For further reading, you might consider an opinion piece by Simone Tagliapietra and Georg Zachmann on what the “gilets jaunes” movement tells us about environment and climate policies, as well as their blog post on the EU energy industry transformation.

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Podcast

Podcast

Global Energy Fundamentals

Bruegel research fellow Simone Tagliapietra discusses his new book, Global Energy Fundamentals.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Energy & Climate Date: September 23, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

The State of the Union going forward

In the first Sound of Economics Live episode after summer we look at the State of the Union address delivered by Ursula von der Leyen.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: September 16, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

For a better, more sovereign Europe

Keynote address by the German Federal Minister of Finance Olaf Scholz at Bruegel Annual Meetings, 3 September 2020

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Finance & Financial Regulation Date: September 9, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

REOPENING EUROPE - Reopening Future?

Imagining a society, an economy and politics cohabiting with the virus and eventually overcoming it.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: August 19, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

REOPENING EUROPE - Reopening Common Good?

What should be the ground rules to support more sustainable business in a post-pandemic world?

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: August 12, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

REOPENING EUROPE - Reopening Tourism?

In this episode we unpack some reflections about tourism we have collected during the Reopening Europe journey.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: August 5, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

REOPENING EUROPE - Reopening Borders?

In June 2020, as Europe reopened after lockdown, we crossed ten national borders. We listened to diverse citizens, from passers-by to politicians, business people to artists, recording, documenting, and publishing stories.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: July 29, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

REOPENING EUROPE - Reopening Governance?

This is a summer feature of the Sound of Economics in cooperation with the Reopening Europe project.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: July 23, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

The benefits of the single market - the case of last enlargement

As the Brexit negotiations are entering their final straight line, the question of trade agreements is heating up. Economists talk about the “cost of non Europe”. How much each country has gained from belonging to the EU’s single market? How much would it have missed out on if it didn’t belong to the single market? […]

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Global Economics & Governance Date: July 15, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

Apps without borders? How COVID-19 apps show the limits of the EU digital single market

In their toolkit against a pandemic that knows no borders, several EU countries have bet on new technology from our era of globalisation: digital contact tracing COVID-19 apps. But the way they've been rolled out illustrate troublesome limits to the EU digital single market.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: July 9, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

Financial fragility after #COVID19

Before the pandemic hit, a substantial share of households reported that they would be unable to handle a financial emergency. In some EU countries, many had savings equivalent to just a few weeks of basic consumption.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: July 2, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

One rule to ring them all? Europe's financial markets after Brexit

What effect will brexit have on Europe's financial markets?

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Global Economics & Governance Date: June 26, 2020
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