How could shifting the tax burden from labour to pollution and resources help the EU reach its climate goals?
Guntram Wolff looks back at the past decade of Bruegel contribution to economic policy in Europe.
Consumers need to reduce their carbon footprint by replacing carbon-intensive by carbon-neutral consumption, which implies buying the appliances that allow them to do so. Workers and capital need to move from brown to green sectors.
A stronger adaptation governance framework would benefit adaptation efforts.
The EU Platform could become an effective emergency tool to safeguard Europe’s security of gas supply in case of a sudden interruption of Russian gas flows, but policymakers need to address challenges to make it work.
Can economic growth be a force for good and help in the fight against climate change?
The Annual Meetings are Bruegel's flagship event which gathers high-level speakers to discuss the economic topics that affect Europe and the world.
The ban on most Russian oil significantly scales up the EU response to aggression against Ukraine, but the bloc should stand ready for retaliatory actions.
A timely reflection on the EU’s latest round of sanctions banning Russian oil imports.
This chapter discusses the key obstacles that have so far prevented 840 million people worldwide from gaining access to electricity.
By acting together, the European Union can optimise its response to the energy crisis in all scenarios but each country will have to make concessions.
The EU lacks the coordination structure and transparent data necessary to most effectively navigate an embargo on Russian oil.