If Russian gas stops flowing, measures to replace supply won’t be enough. The European Union will need to curb demand, implying difficult and costly decisions.
China is not only a producer and consumer of EVs, but also of the battery components on which they depend.
Our analysis highlights that the current national energy and climate plans (NECPs) of EU countries are insufficient to achieve a cost-efficient pathway to EU-wide climate neutrality by 2050.
The German-led G7 can accelerate decarbonisation while tackling climate justice.
An overview of the EU climate package to be negotiated in 2022.
Report of the results of work carried out at ETC/WMGE on Green economy transition: Macroeconomic analytical framework in 2020 and 2021.
A selection of charts from Bruegel’s weekly newsletter, analysis of the year and what it meant for the economy in Europe and the world.
Europe may not have enough natural gas in storage for the coming winter; close monitoring of the situation will be essential.
Policy focus should be on tackling uncertainties by being able to tackle as many scenarios as possible.
Fostering the industrial component of the European Green Deal: key principles and policy options.
How can the European Green Deal be implemented beyond Brussels?
Alongside short-term measures to shield consumers from rising energy prices, EU countries have set out their positions on medium-term measures to prevent recurrence. Here we summarise those positions.