In-depth analysis prepared for the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).
How does climate change influence monetary policy in the eurozone? What potential monetary policy measures should be taken up to address climate risks?
Perhaps an analysis of the causes of the declining investment rate would bring us closer to explaining why real interest rates are so low.
Between 2007 and 2020, the balance sheets of the European Central Bank, the Bank of Japan, and the Fed have all increased about sevenfold. But inflation stayed low throughout the 2010s. This was possible due to decreasing money velocity and the money multiplier. However, a continuation of asset purchasing programs by central banks involves the risk of higher inflation and fiscal dominance.
Bruegel Annual Meetings, Day 2- In this session we would like to discuss monetary and macroeconomic policies after Covid-19.
Negative rate cuts are not that different from ‘standard’ rate cuts. Like them, they reduce banks’ margins, but this effect does not appear to be amplified below 0%.
Emphasis will be placed on greening monetary policy and clarifying the ECB's price stability objective, but is this enough?
A discussion of Italian and German macro-economic cultures and performances.
There is concern in Germany about rising prices, but expectations and wage data show no sign of excess pressures; German inflation should exceed 2% to support euro-area rebalancing but is unlikely to do so on sustained basis.
This paper explores the potential effects (and side effects) of negative rates in theory and examines the evidence to determine what these effects have been in practice in the euro area.
Use of Emergency Liquidity Assistance to prop up euro-area banks needs to be more transparent; available evidence suggests its use has not always been within the rules.
The pandemic has shown that the EU’s spending framework reflects an outdated economic orthodoxy.