By and large, setting a new green golden rule would be a useful addition to the existing EU fiscal framework.
A roadmap for systemic economic reform calling for step-change in global economic governance to increase resilience and build forward better from economic shocks, prepared for the G7 Advisory Panel on Economic Resilience.
All of this talk on strategic retrenchment and autonomy is the language of escalation, not of appeasement and collaboration.
Agreement is needed at international level on mechanisms to ensure better preparedness for the next pandemic.
Although economics and geopolitics have never been completely separate domains, international economic relations were shaped for 70 years by their own rules. But the rise of China and its growing rivalry with the United States have brought this era to an end.
How can the European Union increase green public investment while consolidating budget deficits?
The new German government should play its part in global health security and preparedness.
Germany and the EU need to develop a strong and proactive agenda to manage foreign economic relations, which are essential for German and European prosperity.
The pandemic has shown workers and employers that another way to work is possible. The European Union should develop a framework to facilitate hybrid work.
After the current global semiconductor shortage, business leaders and policymakers must think now about how to minimise the effects of future exogenous shocks on production networks and the global economy.
In-depth analysis prepared for the European Parliament's Committee on International Trade (INTA).
Increasing green public investment while consolidating deficits will be a central challenge of this decade. A green fiscal pact would address this tension, but difficult trade-offs remain.