How can the public sector meet the climate funding needs of the EU?
How could shifting the tax burden from labour to pollution and resources help the EU reach its climate goals?
After the fall of communism, Germany went from being the sick man of Europe to being its leading economic power, largely by harnessing the benefits of global supply chains. But now that a new era of deglobalization is dawning, Germany will have to think carefully about how it should manage its dependence on international trade.
Guntram Wolff looks back at the past decade of Bruegel contribution to economic policy in Europe.
At this event Margrethe Vestager will touch on strategic autonomy, digital regulation and the implications of the Green Deal on competition.
Consumers need to reduce their carbon footprint by replacing carbon-intensive by carbon-neutral consumption, which implies buying the appliances that allow them to do so. Workers and capital need to move from brown to green sectors.
Expected increases in interest rates and reductions in real GDP growth rates will result in relatively small increases in public debt-to-GDP ratios, but inflation will reduce debt ratios very substantially
A stronger adaptation governance framework would benefit adaptation efforts.
Crucial decisions about whether a country can join the euro area depend on questionable discretionary decisions.
The basic idea is that observable forecasts of macroeconomic variables are transformations of the sets of macroeconomic information, which are so complex as to be unobservable, prevailing when the forecasts are made.
The EU Platform could become an effective emergency tool to safeguard Europe’s security of gas supply in case of a sudden interruption of Russian gas flows, but policymakers need to address challenges to make it work.
Can economic growth be a force for good and help in the fight against climate change?