How could shifting the tax burden from labour to pollution and resources help the EU reach its climate goals?
How can the public sector meet the climate funding needs of the EU?
After the fall of communism, Germany went from being the sick man of Europe to being its leading economic power, largely by harnessing the benefits of global supply chains. But now that a new era of deglobalization is dawning, Germany will have to think carefully about how it should manage its dependence on international trade.
Guntram Wolff looks back at the past decade of Bruegel contribution to economic policy in Europe.
At this event Margrethe Vestager will touch on strategic autonomy, digital regulation and the implications of the Green Deal on competition.
Expected increases in interest rates and reductions in real GDP growth rates will result in relatively small increases in public debt-to-GDP ratios, but inflation will reduce debt ratios very substantially
Crucial decisions about whether a country can join the euro area depend on questionable discretionary decisions.
The basic idea is that observable forecasts of macroeconomic variables are transformations of the sets of macroeconomic information, which are so complex as to be unobservable, prevailing when the forecasts are made.
The Annual Meetings are Bruegel's flagship event which gathers high-level speakers to discuss the economic topics that affect Europe and the world.
Can economic growth be a force for good and help in the fight against climate change?
Combining recent unique firm-level data and state-of-the art research methodologies, MICROPROD research provides a better overview of which firms are most likely to adopt digital technologies and to innovate, and to turn these investments into productivity growth.
The ECB should design a specific tool that will accompany interest rate hikes to neutralise the risk of fragmentation directly for countries facing it, staying within the bounds of the EU treaties and ensuring political legitimacy. We also advocate structural changes to the ECB’s collateral framework to avoid unnecessary uncertainty surrounding the safe asset status of European sovereign bonds.