The concept of household financial fragility emerged in the United States after the 2007-2008 financial crisis. It grew out of the need to understand whether households’ lack of capacity to face shocks could itself become a source of financial instability.
How do we make the EU fit for future?
Understanding the impact and additionality of policy interventions.
How do COVID-19-caused financial dislocations inform policy responses?
How will the Covid 19 crisis change the role of the EU in Europe and the world?
Amidst COVID-19: how to keep markets integrated when states play a bigger role in the EU and its neighbourhood?
How is the Vienna Initiative evolving to respond to the crisis caused by COVID-19?
The two narratives briefly examined here cast light on different aspects of the EU in the times of Covid-19. Euroskeptic nationalists typically propagate claims of EU failure but have been rather subdued during the pandemic as mainstream governments have taken over their trademark policy of closing borders to foreigners. Nonetheless, the grip on power of several pro-EU mainstream leaders, including President Emmanuel Macron in France, Prime Minister Conte in Italy and Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez in Spain, remains tenuous.
How can AI help us fight through a pandemic crisis?
Testimony at the Committee on EU Policies of the Italian Chamber of Deputies.
Can the EU handle biological threats?
Poorer European Union countries and those hardest hit economically by the COVID-19 crisis could obtain up to 15% of their GNI in grants and guarantees from the EU’s proposed recovery instruments. Yet the proposal would represent a net benefit for all EU countries, even if there is only a small positive economic impact over the long-term. The proposed very long-maturity loans would lead to non-negligible benefits, exceeding 1% of GDP for some countries.