A French look at the impact of biodiversity loss on financial instability.
Can bitcoin surpass the dollar in popularity and make El Salvador the first state to operate entirely with a private currency?
Bruegel Annual Meetings, Day 3 - On the final day of the Annual Meetings, our Director Guntram Wolf sits with Keyu Jin to discuss international competition policy.
How do incentives to collude depend on how asymmetric firms are? For low levels of differentiation, an increase in quality difference makes collusion less stable. The opposite holds for high levels of differentiation.
How is China’s antitrust push being weaponised to counter western sanctions?
Cryptocurrencies are here to stay but are unlikely to be considered a credible alternative to money anytime soon.
Can research and innovation policies power growth? The answer currently can only be a timid yes. Too little is known of what drives the actual effects of R&I policies.
The nature of money is under scrutiny as central banks begin pondering issuing digital currencies
Electronic cash might be the future, but it is still unclear what payment innovation it offers for the public, certainly in the euro area. And it is unlikely to fully replace the comfort the consumer feels in having money under the mattress.
COVID-19 has not dampened the appetite of European banks for machine learning and data science, but may in the short term have limited their artificial-intelligence investment capacity.
China is moving towards a digital currency but there is a long way to go.
What are the main lessons of ECB interventions in specific sovereign debt markets?