Europe should defend its existing dominance in equipment manufacturing for semiconductors and invest in chip design instead of luring high-end fabrication to its shores.
The current convergence in measures to open up digital platforms leaves a door open to some form of international coordination.
Concerns are real, but the country fares as well as peers at similar levels of development. Analysis published in fDi Intelligence.
Increasing green public investment while consolidating deficits will be a central challenge of this decade. A green fiscal pact would address this tension, but difficult trade-offs remain.
The world awaits China's concrete plan on carbon reduction, but the country is following its own pace.
China's dual circulation strategy should not be dismissed as a buzzword: its implementation will entail major consequences.
Bruegel Annual Meetings, Day 3 - In this session on the final day of the Meetings, our panelists will discuss the future of finance and its sustainability.
Is sustainable investing contributing to society’s climate and social goals, or preventing systemic change?
The size and scope of investments needed to reach net zero will have significant macroeconomic implications.
Far from being irresponsible know-nothings, retail investors provide a vital counterpoint to institutional investors.
Expect Beijing to soon start lobbying against the proposal.
The recovery facility will boost digital transformation, but questions remain whether it will be sufficient to achieve Europe’s digital ambitions.