While uncertain, studies suggest that climate change will cause significant internal and international migration over the next century.
Hosting Ukrainian refugees could cost European Union countries in excess of €40 billion this year. A dedicated EU fund is needed to manage the fiscal burden.
What is the current state of pensions policy in Europe and how are independent workers treated compared with their traditionally employed counterparts?
The Ukraine war will have significant economic policy consequences for the European Union and its members, arising from the adverse supply shock triggered by the rise in oil and gas prices, energy independence measures, the inflow of refugees and boosted defence spending. Their direct budgetary implications could be 1.1/4% of GDP in 2022.
Chapter from 'Storms Ahead: the Future Geoeconomic world order' on the expectations from the next five years of Chinese economic policy, published on 27 October 2021.
The pandemic has disproportionately affected women both professionally and at home. Although the gender gap in labour force participation since the onset of the pandemic hasn't worsened, policy still needs to tackle existing gender gaps, which for some EU countries are very substantive.
Testimony before the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) on the consequences of the pandemic on women.
Policymakers should act to deal with labour-market concentration trends that potentially harm workers, especially gig workers and the self-employed.
Who should bear more and who less of the burden achieving climate policy goals?
In this event panelists will discuss the future of European pension schemes.
The pandemic has shown workers and employers that another way to work is possible. The European Union should develop a framework to facilitate hybrid work.
More remote working in the wake of the pandemic could exacerbate wage inequality, with young workers, women and the low educated potentially losing out.