A stronger adaptation governance framework would benefit adaptation efforts.
Crucial decisions about whether a country can join the euro area depend on questionable discretionary decisions.
What would increase government support around EU enlargement, and what role could membership play in future peace talks?
The real issue for EU leaders when they discuss Ukraine’s application at a 23-24 June summit and beyond, is what kind of club the EU should be.
In the latest installment of the Sound of Economics Live we debate whether Ukraine's accession to the EU should be facilitated.
How is the European Stability Mechanism responding to crises, and what will the future of the ESM look like?
The ECB should design a specific tool that will accompany interest rate hikes to neutralise the risk of fragmentation directly for countries facing it, staying within the bounds of the EU treaties and ensuring political legitimacy. We also advocate structural changes to the ECB’s collateral framework to avoid unnecessary uncertainty surrounding the safe asset status of European sovereign bonds.
Even though inflation in the euro area is lower than in the US, three issues make it a lot more difficult for the ECB to control inflation and preserve financial stability. Once again, the limits of EMU architecture are visible and will require a rethink.
What are the implications of prolonged inflation?
By acting together, the European Union can optimise its response to the energy crisis in all scenarios but each country will have to make concessions.
The European Union should take significant economic measures in response to the war in Ukraine, but a new Next Generation EU is not needed yet.
ECB Executive Board Member Philip Lane discusses the outlook for Euro area economies.