A year after his inauguration, what has President Biden really achieved on climate?
Our analysis highlights that the current national energy and climate plans (NECPs) of EU countries are insufficient to achieve a cost-efficient pathway to EU-wide climate neutrality by 2050.
A selection of charts from Bruegel’s weekly newsletter, analysis of the year and what it meant for the economy in Europe and the world.
Europe may not have enough natural gas in storage for the coming winter; close monitoring of the situation will be essential.
Policy focus should be on tackling uncertainties by being able to tackle as many scenarios as possible.
Alongside short-term measures to shield consumers from rising energy prices, EU countries have set out their positions on medium-term measures to prevent recurrence. Here we summarise those positions.
A fireside conversation with Eni CEO Claudio Descalzi on decarbonisation.
Determining a robust mix of energy carriers for a carbon-neutral EU
Delivering policies that address energy security, competitiveness and sustainability is one of the most formidable challenges facing governments in the 21st century.
Energy transitions manifest themselves across space and time. While necessary targets for decarbonisation are apparent, the accompanying shifts in spatial organisation of economic activity are perhaps not as well understood.
The only thing Europe can quickly do to prevent a potentially difficult winter is to actively promote energy conservation in both the residential and industrial sectors.
Europe’s gas supply security could more effectively be safeguarded by ensuring that unused alternatives are maintained.