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External Publication

European Parliament

Decarbonisation of energy

Determining a robust mix of energy carriers for a carbon-neutral EU

By: Ben McWilliams, Georg Zachmann, Franziska Holz, Alexander Roth, Robin Sogalla, Frank Meissner and Claudia Kemfert Topic: European Parliament, Green economy, Testimonies Date: November 22, 2021
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Blog Post

A new economic geography of decarbonisation?

Energy transitions manifest themselves across space and time. While necessary targets for decarbonisation are apparent, the accompanying shifts in spatial organisation of economic activity are perhaps not as well understood.

By: Ben McWilliams and Georg Zachmann Topic: Green economy Date: November 8, 2021
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Blog Post

Making sure green household investment pays off

Policies are needed to support green fuel switching by households; support should be phased out as the carbon price rises.

By: Ben McWilliams and Georg Zachmann Topic: Green economy Date: July 19, 2021
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External Publication

Building the Road to Greener Pastures

How the G20 can support the recovery with sustainable local infrastructure investment.

By: Mia Hoffmann, Ben McWilliams and Niclas Poitiers Topic: Global economy and trade, Testimonies Date: July 15, 2021
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Policy Contribution

Commercialisation contracts: European support for low-carbon technology deployment

To cut the cost of decarbonisation significantly, the best solution would be to provide investors with a predictable carbon price that corresponds to the envisaged decarbonisation pathway.

By: Ben McWilliams and Georg Zachmann Topic: Green economy Date: July 1, 2021
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Policy Contribution

Navigating through hydrogen

Policymakers must address the need to displace carbon-intensive hydrogen with low-carbon hydrogen, and incentivise the uptake of hydrogen as a means to decarbonise sectors with hard-to-reduce emissions.

By: Ben McWilliams and Georg Zachmann Topic: Green economy Date: April 1, 2021
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Blog Post

Carbon border adjustment in the United States: not easy, but not impossible either

President Biden has promised to implement a levy on carbon-intensive imports, albeit without a federal domestic carbon price. The measure faces a number of difficulties, but could feasibly be implemented. The route chosen by the US will have important implications for the EU's own plans.

By: Ben McWilliams and Simone Tagliapietra Topic: Green economy Date: February 11, 2021
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Policy Brief

Greening the recovery by greening the fiscal consolidation

In the wake of COVID-19, some economic recovery policies will help green the economy – for example, energy renovation of buildings. But there are limits to the share of stimulus that can be explicitly green. The European Union should therefore also green the fiscal consolidation by setting out the path to much higher carbon prices than today. This would guide investment and provide revenues to help the fiscal consolidation.

By: Ben McWilliams, Simone Tagliapietra and Georg Zachmann Topic: Banking and capital markets, Green economy Date: July 8, 2020
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Blog Post

Lessons learned from the electricity tracker

Since the beginning of the COVID-19 crisis, Bruegel’s new tool has gauged the impact of the crisis on economic activity by tracking changes in electricity consumption.

By: Ben McWilliams and Georg Zachmann Topic: Green economy, Macroeconomic policy Date: June 22, 2020