Bruegel’s macroeconomic policy research looked at monetary policy, fiscal policy and structural policies that will contribute to economic policies in the post-pandemic era. On monetary policy, our scholars have observed how central banks in advanced economies are being confronted with multiple dilemmas as inflation rises, while the European Central Bank’s pandemic emergency purchase programme continued. On fiscal policy, the main question has been when and how to roll back the stimulus as unemployment levels reached record lows.
Bruegel scholars continue to evaluate the measures put in place during the COVID-19 crisis in EU countries. Our researchers also assess structural policies to be put in place after COVID-19. Even though the horizon remains uncertain, given the evolution of the pandemic, questions such as the future of productivity growth after COVID-19 are important factors for recovery after decades characterised by slow productivity growth in advanced countries.
In this episode, we look at the 2023 State of the Union address delivered by Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission.
A deep dive into the history of central banking over the four centuries before 1800.
This paper examines the economic case for debt-for-climate swaps: partial debt relief in return for climate investment/policies by the debtor country
As interest costs rise, the EU should review how they are accounted for in its budget and financial framework.
Launch of the OECD Going for Growth flagship publication
Launch of one of the IMF World Economic Outlook analytical chapters