The global economy in continues to be affected by the pandemic. However, it is also marked by major geopolitical developments, from President Biden’s inauguration and a revival of the transatlantic relationship, to the continued rivalry with China, with the EU caught in-between these global trends.
Bruegel’s scholars cover the European Union’s increasing assertiveness towards neighbours over the past year, including the external repercussions of the European Green Deal, managing a crisis at its borders, building a future relationship with a former member, strengthening the international role of the euro and tackling a resurgent China.
How science fiction is shaping China’s economics, politics and society.
COVID-19 remains dangerous, but if Europe can continue its unprecedented fiscal co-operation the crisis could give way to a new era of prosperity.
A collection of articles compiled following a joint Bruegel-Intereconomics event on EU enlargment.
Lack of certainty that the euro will stay prevents it from a greater international role. Until addressed, the dollar will continue to be hegemon.
Despite high prices, China’s substantial spare oil refining capacity remains restricted.
Challenges of an energy independent Europe.
A price cap on Russian oil might improve the current western sanctions regime, but effectiveness will depend on the west’s willingness
Overall, Biden and Xi seem to be converging on their strategies for global dominance
Guntram Wolff looks back at the past decade of Bruegel contribution to economic policy in Europe.
24 September 2019
After nearly 20 years of on-off negotiations, the European Union and Mercosur – a customs union covering Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay – in
17 September 2019
What risks face the EU with regard to China’s strategic aims in trade policy and how can the EU respond? The US effort to isolate China poses particul
12 September 2019
The authors document the rise in hybrid threats and cyber attacks in the European Union. Exploring preparations to increase the resilience of the fina
11 September 2019
International collective action is in search of a new paradigm. It cannot rely anymore on global binding rules supported by universal institutions. Ne
03 September 2019
This collected volume, edited by Maria Demertzis and Guntram Wolff, focusing on the most important economic questions at EU level. The memos covering
09 July 2019
EU policymakers must find answers to pressing questions: if technology has a negative impact on labour income, how will the welfare state be funded? H
08 July 2019
The new members of the European Parliament and European Commission who start their mandates in 2019 should put in place major policy elements to unlea
04 July 2019
Memo to the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. The authors describe the current context and the increasing inte
03 July 2019
Memo to the president of the European Central Bank. Grégory Claeys, Maria Demertzis and Francesco Papadia present the challenges that the next ECB pre
24 June 2019
This Policy Contribution delves into the position of the EU in the current global order. China and the United States increasingly trying to gain geopo
13 June 2019
Memo to the presidents of the European Commission, Council and Parliament. 'A strategic agenda for the new EU leadership' by Maria Demertzis, André Sa
12 June 2019
China’s participation in the WTO has been anything but smooth, as its self-proclaimed socialist market economy system has alienated its trading partne
22 May 2019
This policy contribution investigates the performance of the design, implementation and effectiveness of cohesion policy, the most evaluated EU tool f
07 May 2019
Wind power represents a key component of Turkey’s national energy strategy. Based on data collected on 138 installations in the country, this paper pr
25 April 2019
The authors use a newly-compiled dataset to investigate whether and why European Union countries implement the economic policy recommendations they re
08 April 2019
With the trade conflict between the United States and China bringing China-US strategic competition into the open, the European Union faces an urgent