The global economy in continues to be affected by the pandemic. However, it is also marked by major geopolitical developments, from President Biden’s inauguration and a revival of the transatlantic relationship, to the continued rivalry with China, with the EU caught in-between these global trends.
Bruegel’s scholars cover the European Union’s increasing assertiveness towards neighbours over the past year, including the external repercussions of the European Green Deal, managing a crisis at its borders, building a future relationship with a former member, strengthening the international role of the euro and tackling a resurgent China.
Any convergence with the U.S. economy will not continue for long.
Demonstrations show how the country is struggling to deal with Covid and an easing of lockdowns.
Low-income households suffer most from high inflation, but in some European Union countries the inflation burden is felt more equally than others.
Beijing's bandwidth to deliver is shrinking as its economic performance wanes.
This paper explores China's quest to become a domestic-demand-driven economy, and the lessons that can be learnt from its quest for self reliance.
This paper presents a data-driven examination of whether deglobalisation has happened and whether protectionism was the cause.
The meet did not seem to offer solutions to the two most pressing problems for the international order.
China’s semiconductors push already has lessons for the rest of the world.
How can we build a sustainable system of international cooperation that allows for nations to work together despite their differences?
03 February 2020
A vision for Europe to prosper and best serve its citizens
28 January 2020
This report sets out what the Wellcome Trust and Bruegel have learned from a project to simulate a negotiation process between the UK and EU to create
09 January 2020
This Policy Contribution tests the hypothesis that an imbalance has grown in Europe over the last few decades because markets have integrated to a gre
18 December 2019
The distortive effects that foreign state-owned or state-supported companies can have on European markets and on the European Union’s economic autonom
12 December 2019
Whenever the European Union’s budget is discussed, much of the political focus is on net balances – whether countries pay in more than they receive –
11 December 2019
Small European firms are falling behind in the race to digitalise, but so are their American counterparts.
09 December 2019
Concern is growing in the European Union that a rapprochement between Russia and China could have negative implications for the EU.
02 December 2019
Recent developments have re-opened the debate on the future of money. This Policy Contribution discusses two aspects: the implications of the rise of
20 November 2019
More can be done to capture the untapped trade and investment opportunities that exist between China and the EU. China’s size and dynamism, and its re
19 November 2019
Euro-area bank integration has decreased as post-financial crisis national rules require banks to hold more capital at home. It might be undermined fu
18 November 2019
China’s economic ties with Russia are deepening. Meanwhile, Europe remains Russia’s largest trading partner, lender and investor. An analysis of China
05 November 2019
Ursula von der Leyen has proposed a European Green Deal that would make Europe climate neutral by 2050. With this Policy Contribution, the authors pro
10 October 2019
The debate on euro adoption by central European EU countries has intensified in the last years. In this Policy Contribution the author does not review
24 September 2019
After nearly 20 years of on-off negotiations, the European Union and Mercosur – a customs union covering Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay – in
17 September 2019
What risks face the EU with regard to China’s strategic aims in trade policy and how can the EU respond? The US effort to isolate China poses particul
12 September 2019
The authors document the rise in hybrid threats and cyber attacks in the European Union. Exploring preparations to increase the resilience of the fina