The global economy in continues to be affected by the pandemic. However, it is also marked by major geopolitical developments, from President Biden’s inauguration and a revival of the transatlantic relationship, to the continued rivalry with China, with the EU caught in-between these global trends.
Bruegel’s scholars cover the European Union’s increasing assertiveness towards neighbours over the past year, including the external repercussions of the European Green Deal, managing a crisis at its borders, building a future relationship with a former member, strengthening the international role of the euro and tackling a resurgent China.
How science fiction is shaping China’s economics, politics and society.
COVID-19 remains dangerous, but if Europe can continue its unprecedented fiscal co-operation the crisis could give way to a new era of prosperity.
A collection of articles compiled following a joint Bruegel-Intereconomics event on EU enlargment.
Lack of certainty that the euro will stay prevents it from a greater international role. Until addressed, the dollar will continue to be hegemon.
Despite high prices, China’s substantial spare oil refining capacity remains restricted.
Challenges of an energy independent Europe.
A price cap on Russian oil might improve the current western sanctions regime, but effectiveness will depend on the west’s willingness
Overall, Biden and Xi seem to be converging on their strategies for global dominance
Guntram Wolff looks back at the past decade of Bruegel contribution to economic policy in Europe.
07 July 2020
Governments and companies can reinforce each other in their pursuit of sustainable development, which is based on three pillars: economic, social and
02 July 2020
The concept of household financial fragility emerged in the United States after the 2007-2008 financial crisis. It grew out of the need to understand
30 June 2020
Since the Euromaidan protests (2013-2014), Ukraine has had two presidents and four governments. In a difficult environment of external aggression, the
24 June 2020
Though outside the euro area, Denmark and Sweden could benefit from joining the European Union’s banking union. It would provide protection in case of
22 June 2020
Most governments have taken measures to protect vulnerable workers and firms from the worst effects of the sudden drop in activity related to COVID-19
15 June 2020
From 2002 up to 2009, the economies of European Union countries went through a skill upgrading, rather than a polarisation between low-skill and high-
05 June 2020
The euro never challenged the US dollar, and its international status declined with the euro crisis. Faced with a US administration willing to use its
28 May 2020
COVID-19 is by far the biggest challenge policymakers in emerging economies have had to deal with in recent history. Beyond the potentially large nega
20 May 2020
To keep the euro-area economy afloat, the European Central Bank has put in place a large number of measures since the beginning of the COVID-19 crisis
13 May 2020
COVID-19 has triggered a severe recession and policymakers in European Union countries are providing generous, largely indiscriminate, support to comp
13 May 2020
In the negotiations between the European Union and the United Kingdom over their future relationship, we see a high probability of a weak contractual
21 April 2020
This Policy Contribution proposes a staged support scheme to tackle the COVID-19 vaccine challenge and a moon shot programme to meet the challenge of
02 April 2020
This paper presents unprecedented exchange rate forecasting results based upon a new model which approximates the gap between the fundamental equilibr
12 March 2020
'Whatever it takes' needs to be the motto to preserve lives and reduce the impact on the economy of the epidemic.
05 March 2020
The European Commission should not make the implementation of a carbon border adjustment mechanism into a must-have element of its climate policy. The
26 February 2020
On 14 January 2020, the European Commission published its proposal for a Just Transition Mechanism, intended to provide support to territories facing