The global economy in continues to be affected by the pandemic. However, it is also marked by major geopolitical developments, from President Biden’s inauguration and a revival of the transatlantic relationship, to the continued rivalry with China, with the EU caught in-between these global trends.
Bruegel’s scholars cover the European Union’s increasing assertiveness towards neighbours over the past year, including the external repercussions of the European Green Deal, managing a crisis at its borders, building a future relationship with a former member, strengthening the international role of the euro and tackling a resurgent China.
Any convergence with the U.S. economy will not continue for long.
Demonstrations show how the country is struggling to deal with Covid and an easing of lockdowns.
Low-income households suffer most from high inflation, but in some European Union countries the inflation burden is felt more equally than others.
Beijing's bandwidth to deliver is shrinking as its economic performance wanes.
This paper explores China's quest to become a domestic-demand-driven economy, and the lessons that can be learnt from its quest for self reliance.
This paper presents a data-driven examination of whether deglobalisation has happened and whether protectionism was the cause.
The meet did not seem to offer solutions to the two most pressing problems for the international order.
China’s semiconductors push already has lessons for the rest of the world.
How can we build a sustainable system of international cooperation that allows for nations to work together despite their differences?
10 May 2021
Can research and innovation policies power growth? The answer currently can only be a timid yes.
04 May 2021
Escape variants can cause new waves of COVID-19 and put vaccination strategies at risk. To prevent or delay the global spread of these waves, virus mo
03 May 2021
Sovereign debt will be vital in stimulating sustainable investment, but information is lacking on how green public spending actually is.
13 April 2021
The European Union-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment binds Chinese liberalisation of its foreign investment regulations under an internation
31 March 2021
Policymakers must address the need to displace carbon-intensive hydrogen with low-carbon hydrogen, and incentivise the uptake of hydrogen.
30 March 2021
Less-educated workers have suffered most from job losses in the COVID-19 pandemic, and it is quite likely there was a significant increase in European
23 March 2021
Everything that increases the interest of European citizens in the EU, independently of whether it has a critical or a supportive character, will serv
10 March 2021
Interest rates have been on a long-term decline, associated with declining productivity growth. To tackle this, the priorities are to reduce market co
09 March 2021
Putting carbon pricing at the centre of the EU climate policy architecture would provide major benefits. Obtaining these benefits requires a uniform,
02 March 2021
This paper aims to contribute to the understanding of Europe as reflected in European media.
24 February 2021
This paper assesses COVID-19 credit-support programmes in five of the largest European economies, and examines how countries have dealt with trade-off
23 February 2021
The concept of competitive neutrality can be used to assess how far a market is from being a competitive environment. In China, competitive neutrality
04 February 2021
A new approach, which estimates 'unexplained economic growth', provides insights into the types of European Union cohesion projects that produce bette
02 February 2021
The Green Deal will redefine Europe’s global policy priorities; as such, it is a foreign policy development with profound geopolitical consequences
27 January 2021
Estimates of payments countries will receive from the Next Generation EU instrument can be made with some degree of precision. But estimating countrie
26 January 2021
This paper sets out a framework for addressing competition concerns arising from acquisitions in big platform ecosystems.