The global economy in continues to be affected by the pandemic. However, it is also marked by major geopolitical developments, from President Biden’s inauguration and a revival of the transatlantic relationship, to the continued rivalry with China, with the EU caught in-between these global trends.
Bruegel’s scholars cover the European Union’s increasing assertiveness towards neighbours over the past year, including the external repercussions of the European Green Deal, managing a crisis at its borders, building a future relationship with a former member, strengthening the international role of the euro and tackling a resurgent China.
How science fiction is shaping China’s economics, politics and society.
COVID-19 remains dangerous, but if Europe can continue its unprecedented fiscal co-operation the crisis could give way to a new era of prosperity.
A collection of articles compiled following a joint Bruegel-Intereconomics event on EU enlargment.
Lack of certainty that the euro will stay prevents it from a greater international role. Until addressed, the dollar will continue to be hegemon.
Despite high prices, China’s substantial spare oil refining capacity remains restricted.
Challenges of an energy independent Europe.
A price cap on Russian oil might improve the current western sanctions regime, but effectiveness will depend on the west’s willingness
Overall, Biden and Xi seem to be converging on their strategies for global dominance
Guntram Wolff looks back at the past decade of Bruegel contribution to economic policy in Europe.
28 April 2022
The most efficient way for Europe to sanction Russian energy would not be an embargo, but the introduction of an import tariff that can be used flexib
25 April 2022
A summary of the most important policy lessons from research undertaken in the MICROPROD project work package 4, related to the allocation of the fact
13 April 2022
Trade and industrial policy can support productivity growth through global value chains by providing the right legal environment that supports the for
11 April 2022
The purpose of the first work package of the MICROPROD project was to improve the firm-level data infrastructure, expand the measurement of intangible
05 April 2022
The private sector advances in China: The evolving ownership structures of the largest companies in the Xi Jinping era
This paper documents recent structural changes in China’s corporate landscape, based on company level data, providing a complementary perspective to t
24 March 2022
What is the current state of pensions policy in Europe and how are independent workers treated compared with their traditionally employed counterparts
23 February 2022
This Blueprint includes some of the Group’s most prominent voices on the different aspects of the multidimensional issue of green recovery.
21 February 2022
This policy contribution assesses how the trading system has changed over the last five years – roughly coinciding with the start of the Trump adminis
17 February 2022
The emergence of the Omicron variant in November 2021 was a stark reminder of the high overall cost of the persistence globally of extremely unequal a
08 February 2022
This Policy Contribution assesses the rationale for a Health Union.
17 January 2022
An analysis of the incentive effects of COVID certificates on vaccine uptake, health outcomes and the economy.
13 January 2022
Our analysis highlights that the current national energy and climate plans (NECPs) of EU countries are insufficient to achieve a cost-efficient pathwa
23 December 2021
This paper contributes to the measurement of monthly consumer price index-based real effective exchange rates with two main novelties.
16 December 2021
In this working paper, the authors investigate three alternative but complementary indicators of market power on one of the largest online labour mark
13 December 2021
How can the background of mRNA technology development help us understand how public vaccine research and development policy can be improved to generat
30 November 2021
To accelerate the roll-out of AI technology across the European Union, policymakers should alleviate constraints to adoption faced by firms, both in t