The global economy in continues to be affected by the pandemic. However, it is also marked by major geopolitical developments, from President Biden’s inauguration and a revival of the transatlantic relationship, to the continued rivalry with China, with the EU caught in-between these global trends.
Bruegel’s scholars cover the European Union’s increasing assertiveness towards neighbours over the past year, including the external repercussions of the European Green Deal, managing a crisis at its borders, building a future relationship with a former member, strengthening the international role of the euro and tackling a resurgent China.
A glimpse into the evolving landscape of Europe's engagement with China.
Repository of what we consider to be the most relevant macroeconomic data for China and EU-China relations.
This paper analyses China’s different attempts to internationalise its currency and how they have fared.
Greater alignment of the major economic powers is needed around a collective effort to improve security of supply for decarbonisation goods.
How can China navigate the country towards a more sustainable and balanced economic future?
The most far-reaching ramification of recent events is the inexorable advance of a world splitting into two poles.
Are we seeing a fatigue of ‘The Brussels Effect’?
28 June 2023
How can the European Union achieve its target of eliminating all Russian fossil-fuel imports by 2027?
26 June 2023
Streamlining of the company listing process is welcome, but more fundamental reform is needed to revive the European Union’s flagging equity markets.
22 June 2023
21 June 2023
We identify three potential bottlenecks that might be hindering the translation of China’s innovation efforts into productivity growth.
20 June 2023
This paper discusses China’s growth for the next two decades, identifying the main challenges and factors that could mitigate its deceleration.
13 June 2023
This paper outlines some early antitrust issues related to answer engines and the response competition authorities should adopt.
12 June 2023
Central bank digital currencies do have added value, but this is not the same for every country.
06 June 2023
The European Commission had to choose between imperfect alternatives because of frontline state backlash against massive Ukrainian grain imports.
05 June 2023
Public support for Ukraine is holding up in allied countries, but preparations should be made for scenarios in which support ebbs away.
01 June 2023
In this paper, we present a new measure of aggregate trade restrictions.
31 May 2023
Interest rates on the EU debt have risen substantially since 2022: what are the main drivers and implications and what to do about it?
30 May 2023
Employee surveys across different countries indicate that employees prefer working remotely and do not want to return to the office full time.
17 May 2023
In its industrial strategy response, the EU must ask if the energy-intensive parts of the value chain should be outsourced permanently.
17 May 2023
A single European Union cleantech manufacturing capacity target should be based on an understanding of the situation in each cleantech sector
09 May 2023
Preferential agreements can be an alternative to a sclerotic WTO, but, if multilateral rules fail, they also risk conflict between trading blocs
04 May 2023
The proposed new fiscal rules constitute a major improvement from the current fiscal framework but missed an opportunity to foster green investment.