The global economy in continues to be affected by the pandemic. However, it is also marked by major geopolitical developments, from President Biden’s inauguration and a revival of the transatlantic relationship, to the continued rivalry with China, with the EU caught in-between these global trends.
Bruegel’s scholars cover the European Union’s increasing assertiveness towards neighbours over the past year, including the external repercussions of the European Green Deal, managing a crisis at its borders, building a future relationship with a former member, strengthening the international role of the euro and tackling a resurgent China.
A glimpse into the evolving landscape of Europe's engagement with China.
Repository of what we consider to be the most relevant macroeconomic data for China and EU-China relations.
This paper analyses China’s different attempts to internationalise its currency and how they have fared.
Greater alignment of the major economic powers is needed around a collective effort to improve security of supply for decarbonisation goods.
How can China navigate the country towards a more sustainable and balanced economic future?
The most far-reaching ramification of recent events is the inexorable advance of a world splitting into two poles.
Are we seeing a fatigue of ‘The Brussels Effect’?
12 September 2023
The paper investigates the legal feasibility of the EU borrowing on the capital market to finance European public goods.
06 September 2023
This policy brief sets out policy proposals to enhance governance in order to safeguard EU decarbonisation.
06 September 2023
Compliance with the DMA will be about ensuring that users are empowered with rights to challenge gatekeepers
04 September 2023
This Policy Brief offers proposals to enhance institutional self-commitment to implementation, with reputational consequences for non-implementation.
20 July 2023
The Russian economy has performed better than many expected since the war in Ukraine started, though the financial burden will be felt for some time.
19 July 2023
The European Union’s draft AI Act already needs to be revised to account for the opportunities and harms of generative AI.
18 July 2023
To top up stored gas volumes for the coming winter, Europe can use spare capacity in Ukraine.
18 July 2023
This working paper examines how competition in foundation models (FMs) works.
17 July 2023
12 July 2023
Violations of the G7 price cap on Russian oil are becoming evident, but Western countries still can tighten rules and reduce the cash flows to Russia.
11 July 2023
This paper analyses Ukraine’s war economy management and performance, according to information available in June 2023.
10 July 2023
This paper sets out the EU and US perspectives on the ongoing negotiations and evaluates their initial negotiation proposals.
06 July 2023
What should be done about Google’s quasi-monopoly in search? Mandatory data sharing versus AI-driven technological competition
This paper explores the crucial role of search engines in modern digital economies and their impact on user welfare.
05 July 2023
Europe is falling behind in the global commercial space launch sector; a new programme may not be enough to fix the shortcomings
03 July 2023
This book assesses what must be done to implement industrial policy in a way that will achieve overarching goals while minimising distortions.
29 June 2023
This working paper explores public support for European defence union, revealing preferred policy features and the impact of political feasibility.