Analysis on possible ECB treaty mandate provided to the House of Representatives of the Netherlands.
The depiction of the euro area/European Union (EU) as a ‘fourfold union’ emerged in the first half of 2012 at the height of the euro-area crisis. In the past half-decade, Europe’s financial union has been significantly strengthened but remains incomplete and is challenged by Brexit. No consensus has been found on fiscal union and economic union has not made material progress, but political union might have advanced further than many observers realize.
Presentation on the Five Presidents’ Report delivered at the Dutch Senate's Standing Committee for European Affairs, Finance and Economic Affairs on 8 December 2015.
Visit of the Dutch senate at Bruegel. Discussions on the financial and economic developments within the EU, EU policymaking and the future of the euro