Historically, the EU enlargement process played a powerful role in encouraging the EU candidates and potential candidates to conduct fundamental political, economic and institutional reforms. This has also happened with the Western Balkan countries once they received the EU membership perspective in 2003. However, in the last few years, preparations for their accession slowed down, as a result of limited progress in domestic reforms, unresolved regional conflicts and limited appetite for further enlargement among EU member states.
What can Ukraine do to foster economic growth? How can the EU and other international partners help Ukraine with this process?
The Commission's White Paper on the future of the EU sets out five scenarios, but misses the fundamental questions facing Europe. How should the EU interact with its neighbourhood? How can we manage the tensions created by multi-speed integration? And above all how can the Euro be made sustainable in the absence of a major step towards fiscal union?
The energy landscape of the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean is inefficient and unsustainable. Yet there is much potential for cooperation. How could the EU work with this region to improve energy systems?
The 2014 Ukraine crisis reinforced the EU’s quest for security of gas supply. The European Commission released an Energy Union Communication in February, calling for intensified work on the Southern Gas Corridor (SGC) and for the establishment of a new strategic energy partnership with Turkey.
This Policy Contribution discusses what the EU and Turkey can expect from the establishment of a new strategic energy partnership. The authors focus on the Southern Gas Corridor, but also assess the impact of the Turkish Stream project.
In this Policy Contribution Marek Dabrowski argues that Ukraine must accelerate and better manage its reform process so as to overcome fundamental weaknesses in its economy and finances.
Kemal Derviş, shares his assessment of the Turkish general election results with Guntram Wolff. He discusses the opportunities and challenges for the EU-Turkey relations following this election. Kemal Derviş is a member of the Executive Board, Istanbul Policy Center, and director of the Global Economy and Development Program, Brookings Institution.
In this blogpost, Simone Tagliapietra and Georg Zachmann argue that, while natural gas currently represents the most important area of energy cooperation, the EU and Algeria should focus their attention on energy efficiency and renewable energy.
European Macroeconomics & Governance
What is the Gazprom antitrust case all about? And, considering the current EU gas market environment, has it arrived at a good time or bad time for Gazprom? Furthermore, what might be its potential impact on overall EU-Russia relations?