Our main message is that policies restricting knowledge flows should be limited to narrowly defined areas of strategic importance.
Financial literacy is essential in modern economies, where saving and preparing for retirement has shifted increasingly to the individual.
EU-Russia energy trade has fallen hugely since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, but the EU could still do more to reduce dependence
Germany’s hydrogen strategy will have ripples across Europe and should be discussed more widely
Focusing on the Werner and Delors Reports, this essay aims to capture key ideas and debates, giving a chronological overview of the EMU process
22 November 2022
This contribution analyses the deficiencies of the current framework and identifies possible responses, in line with three levels of reform ambition.
18 November 2022
This paper explores China's quest to become a domestic-demand-driven economy, and the lessons that can be learnt from its quest for self reliance.
17 November 2022
This paper presents a data-driven examination of whether deglobalisation has happened and whether protectionism was the cause.
10 November 2022
Digital Markets Act enforcement will be much more effective if EU member national authorities are involved
09 November 2022
COP27 should create the basis of a global loss-and-damage fund to help vulnerable countries already suffering from climate disasters.
08 November 2022
Low-skilled workers tend to have jobs that are less likely to foster foundational skills. This worsens skills gaps and income inequality.
03 November 2022
Globalisation is under attack; to preserve its benefits, healthy domestic social contracts are essential.
27 October 2022
EU countries seem to be converging on a set of reform objectives. But can these be jointly satisfied? Two recent proposals offer some hope.
26 October 2022
In this paper we assess both the immediate economic impact and the likely longer-term impact of sanctions on the Russian economy.
24 October 2022
An analysis of German-Italian spreads under five Italian governments shows that the gap was biggest when Italian policies worried markets most.
19 October 2022
Low-skill workers have seen faster wage growth than high-skill workers in many EU countries, contrary to the United States.
19 October 2022
The drop in the previous private-sector advance should not be viewed as the start of a new trend of continuous decline, at least not yet.
17 October 2022
The proposed European Chips Act over-emphasises semiconductor production subsidies, focusing too little on increasing value-added in research.
14 October 2022
The European Union faces recession, but the way in which policymakers manage the energy crisis will determine its depth and duration.
11 October 2022
An EU energy fund is justified, but for different reasons than commonly assumed, with implications for the fund’s design.
06 October 2022
Labour-market data from online sources can identify emerging occupations and skill demand, helping policymakers prepare better for future needs.
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