Our main message is that policies restricting knowledge flows should be limited to narrowly defined areas of strategic importance.
Financial literacy is essential in modern economies, where saving and preparing for retirement has shifted increasingly to the individual.
EU-Russia energy trade has fallen hugely since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, but the EU could still do more to reduce dependence
Germany’s hydrogen strategy will have ripples across Europe and should be discussed more widely
Focusing on the Werner and Delors Reports, this essay aims to capture key ideas and debates, giving a chronological overview of the EMU process
20 June 2023
This paper discusses China’s growth for the next two decades, identifying the main challenges and factors that could mitigate its deceleration.
13 June 2023
This paper outlines some early antitrust issues related to answer engines and the response competition authorities should adopt.
12 June 2023
Central bank digital currencies do have added value, but this is not the same for every country.
06 June 2023
The European Commission had to choose between imperfect alternatives because of frontline state backlash against massive Ukrainian grain imports.
05 June 2023
Public support for Ukraine is holding up in allied countries, but preparations should be made for scenarios in which support ebbs away.
01 June 2023
In this paper, we present a new measure of aggregate trade restrictions.
31 May 2023
Interest rates on the EU debt have risen substantially since 2022: what are the main drivers and implications and what to do about it?
30 May 2023
Employee surveys across different countries indicate that employees prefer working remotely and do not want to return to the office full time.
17 May 2023
In its industrial strategy response, the EU must ask if the energy-intensive parts of the value chain should be outsourced permanently.
17 May 2023
A single European Union cleantech manufacturing capacity target should be based on an understanding of the situation in each cleantech sector
09 May 2023
Preferential agreements can be an alternative to a sclerotic WTO, but, if multilateral rules fail, they also risk conflict between trading blocs
04 May 2023
The proposed new fiscal rules constitute a major improvement from the current fiscal framework but missed an opportunity to foster green investment.
03 May 2023
Speculation has been triggered about new alliances emerging in the Global South, inspired by China and India's voting behaviour.
03 May 2023
The European Union’s Digital Markets Act gives regulatory authorities another chance to tackle the difficult issue of user consent for data processing
02 May 2023
Sanctions, coming on top of longstanding domestic shortcomings, are gradually weakening Russia.
27 April 2023
Since 2020, the European Union has suffered two large shocks, which have created new fiscal challenges for the EU.
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