Bruegel's publications provide economic analysis that is accessible, and policy recommendations based on the most rigorous academic underpinnings.
A new measure of aggregate trade restrictions: cyclical drivers and macro effects
In this paper, we present a new measure of aggregate trade restrictions.
The rising cost of European Union borrowing and what to do about it
Interest rates on the EU debt have risen substantially since 2022: what are the main drivers and implications and what to do about it?
Employer perspectives on employee work location: collaboration, culture and control
Employee surveys across different countries indicate that employees prefer working remotely and do not want to return to the office full time.
Adjusting to the energy shock: the right policies for European industry
In its industrial strategy response, the EU must ask if the energy-intensive parts of the value chain should be outsourced permanently.
Cleantech manufacturing: where does Europe really stand?
A single European Union cleantech manufacturing capacity target should be based on an understanding of the situation in each cleantech sector
17 February 2022
How has growth changed what countries get from the European recovery fund?
Adjustments to growth forecasts mean some countries will get 10% more than expected and others 20% less in grants from the EU Recovery and Resilience
17 February 2022
The failure of global public health governance: a forensic analysis
In this Policy Contribution, we seek to understand the reasons for these failures of global collective action.
11 February 2022
The risks for Russia and Europe: how new sanctions could hit economic ties
To play a deterrent role against Russian military action, sanctions would have to be very broad, have a rapid effect and be as coordinated as possible
10 February 2022
Venture capital: a new breath of life for European entrepreneurship?
Whether the dynamism of European venture capital of the past two years can be sustained and kick start a credible alternative to bank finance in the E
08 February 2022
Does Europe need a Health Union?
This Policy Contribution assesses the rationale for a Health Union.
08 February 2022
The puzzle of European Union recovery plan assessments
Identical European Commission assessments that EU countries’ recovery plan cost justifications are ‘medium-quality’ undermine trust in the assessments
03 February 2022
A European climate fund or a green golden rule: not as different as they seem
Spending and borrowing via a non-redistributive EU climate fund or under a well-designed green golden rule would result in similar project implementat
02 February 2022
The dark side of artificial intelligence: manipulation of human behaviour
Transparency over systems and algorithms, rules and public awareness are needed to address potential danger of manipulation by artificial intelligence
01 February 2022
Who is suffering most from rising inflation?
The lowest income households are suffering disproportionally from the current inflation increase, with rising energy prices the main culprit.
27 January 2022
Can Europe survive painlessly without Russian gas?
If Russian gas stops flowing, measures to replace supply won’t be enough. The European Union will need to curb demand, implying difficult and costly d
26 January 2022
Opaque and ill-defined: the problems with Europe’s IPCEI subsidy framework
Lack of strict governance and transparency creates serious risk that fair competition within the single market will be undermined.
17 January 2022
The effect of COVID certificates on vaccine uptake, public health, and the economy
An analysis of the incentive effects of COVID certificates on vaccine uptake, health outcomes and the economy.
13 January 2022
Decarbonisation of the energy system
Given the size and urgency of the transition, the current knowledge infrastructure in Europe is insufficient.
23 December 2021
What will be the impact of Europe’s next round of COVID-19 restrictions?
As COVID-19 cases surge, the choice of restrictions, and the details of their implementation, can have a major influence on the degree to which busine
23 December 2021
Timely measurement of real effective exchange rates
This paper contributes to the measurement of monthly consumer price index-based real effective exchange rates with two main novelties.
21 December 2021
12 Charts for 21
A selection of charts from Bruegel’s weekly newsletter, analysis of the year and what it meant for the economy in Europe and the world.
Browse publications by topic
Digital economy and innovation
Banking and capital markets
Global economy and trade
Republishing and referencing policy
Bruegel considers itself a public good and takes no institutional standpoint. Anyone is free to republish and/or quote any of our posts without prior consent. Please provide a full reference, clearly stating Bruegel and the relevant author as the source and include a prominent hyperlink to the original post.