Professor at Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University, Japan. Awarded MA Econ. from Kobe University in 1983. After working at Research Institute of Economics and Business Administration, Kobe Univ. as Research Assistant (1984-1989), moved Faculty of Economics on 1989. Visiting Fellow at Science Policy Unit, Sussex University, UK 1991-92, Manchester Institute of Innovation Research, Manchester University, UK 1996-97. The research focuses on Economics of Innovation, Input-Output analysis and Marxian economics.