Jens is Managing Director at Morgan Stanley and the Bank’s Chief Europe Economist. He joined Morgan Stanley in 2022 from the European Central Bank, where he has been since 2007. Jens has worked in Market Operations, Financial Stability, and, for most of his career, in the Monetary Policy Department of the ECB. Jens has a PhD from TU-Dresden, worked as an economist for HSBC, and was a professor of Economics at the University of Alicante before joining the ECB. He has published in a range of academic journals on topics related to monetary policy and monetary policy implementation.