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Hybrid threats in the financial system

This one-day workshop focused on hybrid threats in the context of the financial system by examining vulnerabilities and raising awareness, looking for


Nina Lange

Senior Policy Officer European and International Affairs, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy, The Netherlands,

Jaakko Weuro

Financial Services Counsellor, Permanent Representation of Finland to the EU,

In cooperation with Hybrid CoE, this event was organised to explore the implications of hybrid threats for the governance of the financial system in Europe, as well as the governance of the related security infrastructures. Particular attention was paid to potential systemic gaps, which would open up possibilities for adversaries to use hybrid influence against economic and financial systems to create disturbances and prevent economic development and financial activities.

Topics that were covered included: vulnerabilities from a system-wide perspective, FinTech companies, foreign direct investment, market manipulations, future technologies and the link between finance and the security domain.

This event was open only to Bruegel’s Membership programme and select experts.