EU/US Transatlantic expert group on the future of work

Promoting the exchange of views and best practices in the area of the future of work that can feed current and future EU-US policy dialogue – 2020-2022

The Transatlantic Expert Group on the Future of Work (TEG) is an interdisciplinary group of some thirty knowledgeable and highly qualified experts. It explores multiple emerging challenges in the area of the future of work by bringing together their respective perspectives from the European Union and the USA.

By means of dialogue, mutual learning and exchange of best practice among the experts, the group will develop policy findings and actionable recommendations in order to inform EU and US policymakers on challenges on which they will need to reflect in the coming years.

Regular group discussions are organised in 2021-2022, which inform various outputs over this period. The activities of the TEG will be closed with a public conference in November 2022.

Project workstream 


The TEG has been brought together by Bruegel and the German Marshall Fund of the United States with the financial support of the European Union.


  • To create a diverse group of expert stakeholders from both sides of the Atlantic
  • To foster dialogue & cooperation among the experts
  • To appreciate the EU’s views in the US and US’s views in the EU as regards labour, social protection, and the future of work
  • To reinvigorate the EU-US policy dialogue on work and social protection
  • To formulate practical findings through focused dialogue
  • To develop policy recommendations

key questions

  • The impact of automation, digitalisation and robotisation on the amount of work required has been hotly debated in recent years. What are the likely range of outcomes? Has the pandemic changed or accelerated trends that were previously visible?
  • What are possible distributional effects of these changes by age, gender, race, ethnicity, and educational attainment? How will these changes affect economic (in)equality?
  • What interplay might be expected between globalisation-driven shifts in where work is done and digitalisation? To what extent has the pandemic accelerated a migration to remote work? Has it accelerated re-shoring of key industries and supply chains?
  • What are implications of these technological changes and shifts to non-traditional employment and self-employment, on key elements of social protection: pensions, health insurance, disability (invalidity) insurance, maternity/paternity benefits, and unemployment benefits? What measures might be considered to mitigate any concerns that are raised?
  • How can social protection best be funded in a world where the population of developed countries is aging, and the role of labour in producing economic value appears to be declining relative to that of capital?
  • Is there a need to rethink the design of current social protection systems given labour market change? If so, how should social protection systems be designed to better respond to labour market and demographic change?
  • What are implications of these changes for social partners? Union density has already been in decline in most developed countries. Will the shift to automation and remote / platform work, implying less contact among workers, compound these challenges?
  • The accelerating pace of technological change suggests the need for a modernisation of education and training, and a shift to lifelong learning. This need has been obvious for many years but has been slow in coming. What should be done to accelerate the process? Today, companies offer training mostly to workers who are already highly skilled. Countries with well-developed apprenticeship systems seem to benefit from them, but they may also impede entry into the respective professions. What can be done to make education and training more flexible, and more responsive to the rapidly evolving needs of the increasingly digital workplace?

Target groups & beneficiaries

  • Policymakers
  • Businesses
  • Workers & trade unions
  • Civil society
  • Academic experts


The Expert Group consists of 30 experts from the EU and the US. They range from civil society, academia, think tanks, labour and the business community.

The Transatlantic Expert Group is comprised of three working groups:

  • Working group 1: Technology as a driver of change in the future of work
  • Working group 2: The inequality challenge and the role of education, skills training and social partners
  • Working group 3: Changing labor markets, changing social protection: The future of social protection policy



The German Marshall Fund of the United States:


  • Short papers
  • Blogposts, Op-eds and Podcasts
  • Conference presentations of the findings & recommendations
  • E-Book consolidating the working groups’ short papers


This Project has received funding from the European External Action Service (EEAS)’s Action grant EuropeAid/168605/DD/ACT/US.

This website was created and maintained with the financial support of the European Union. Its contents are the sole responsibility of Bruegel and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union’.

Visit: Delegation of the European Union to the United States