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No contagion from Cyprus so far

The Cyprus drama has not destabilised the rest of the eruo area so far, despite the talks about a possible ‘Cyprexit’, i.e. an exit of Cyprus form the

Publishing date
21 March 2013
Authors
Zsolt Darvas

The Cyprus drama has not destabilised the rest of the euro area so far, despite the talks about a possible ‘Cyprexit’, i.e. an exit of Cyprus form the euro area. While government bond yields have increased significantly in Cyprus, they hardly changed in e.g. Italy and Spain: the slight increase earlier this week was less than after the February Italian elections, and in the past two days yields have even declined. Bank shares in Italy and Spain (and also in Germany) fell and the credit default swap (CDS) spreads of banks have increased somewhat, but nothing extraordinary. See the charts at the end of this post.

Why is the market so calm? There are two possible explanations. First, markets may expect that there will be a deal for Cyprus and therefore the country won’t exit the euro area. Indeed there is a very strong case for Cyprus giving in i.e., the parliament should agree taxing deposits above €100,000, as we argued here. Second, even if Cyprus exits the euro area, it is so small and so special (banking system amounting to more 7-times GDP; about 50% of GDP capital shortfall for banks; suspected money-laundering; tax haven and high bank deposit rates) that it won’t have a systemic effect on the rest of the euro area.

Longer

Notes: The following banks were included for calculating average bank data:

CDS

ITALY : Intesa Sanpaolo SpA, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, UniCredit SpA, Unione di Banche Italiane SCPA, Banco Popolare SC.

SPAIN : Banco Santander SA, Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria SA, Banco Popular Espanol SA, CaixaBank, Caja de Ahorros y Monte de Piedad de Madrid.

GERMANY: Deutsche Bank AG, Commerzbank AG, Bayerische Landesbank, Norddeutsche Landesbank, HypoVereinsbank.

SHARE PRICES:

ITALY : Intesa Sanpaolo SpA, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, UniCredit SpA, Unione di Banche Italiane SCPA, Banco Popolare SC.

SPAIN : Banco Santander SA, Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria SA, Banco Popular Espanol SA.

GERMANY: Deutsche Bank AG, Commerzbank AG.

About the authors

  • Zsolt Darvas

    Zsolt Darvas, a Hungarian citizen, joined Bruegel as a Visiting Fellow in September 2008 and continued his work at Bruegel as a Research Fellow from January 2009, before being appointed Senior Fellow from September 2013. He is also a Senior Research Fellow at the Corvinus University of Budapest.

    From 2005 to 2008, he was the Research Advisor of the Argenta Financial Research Group in Budapest. Before that, he worked at the research unit of the Central Bank of Hungary (1994-2005) where he served as Deputy Head.

    Zsolt holds a Ph.D. in Economics from Corvinus University of Budapest where he teaches courses in Econometrics but also at other institutions since 1994. His research interests include macroeconomics, international economics, central banking and time series analysis.

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