Risks to job quality from digital technologies: are industrial relations in Europe ready for the challenge?
The paper extends the debate about the future of work beyond employment and pay, to a consideration of job quality more broadly.
While mistakes unduly constrained rate hikes, gradual tightening is the right approach along with a new instrument to address energy bottlenecks.
The current crisis looks set to leave behind it a radically different system, but what that system will look like remains an open question
Without Russian gas, the European Union would have to reduce demand by approximately 15%, with big differences between different parts of Europe
Russia has recorded a record trade surplus, but more than half of its increase is due to the collapse of imports.
The EPC would not be, and should not be, regarded as a substitute for EU accession, but should be designed to work as an accelerator.
Will many that have fled Ukraine return, or will families eventually be reunited abroad?
What is the scope for transatlantic cooperation on CBAM legislation, Climate Clubs, and 'green' subsidies?
What risks does China's rise pose to the security of the international financial architecture?
What skills are needed for the digital future, and how can governments and companies support the retraining of people who lack these skills?
Abenomics has fallen short in many ways, but Japan has still largely coped with an aging society while maintaining a high level of income equality.
Europe should investigate the possibility of ‘digital frontier worker’ status for cross-border remote workers.
The ECB’s pandemic emergency purchase programme has improved substantially the debt dynamics of euro-area countries, with durable effects.
Self-employed women are at a wealth disadvantage, according to ECB household finance data, and thus have more to gain from policies that spur saving.
Despite high prices, China’s substantial spare oil refining capacity remains restricted.
A price cap on Russian oil might improve the current western sanctions regime, but effectiveness will depend on the west’s willingness