Download publication

Working Paper

A new look at net balances in the European Union’s next multiannual budget

Whenever the European Union’s budget is discussed, much of the political focus is on net balances – whether countries pay in more than they receive – rather than on the broader overall positive effects of EU spending. The largest net contributor countries have sought to limit their contributions, leading to the build-up of an ad-hoc, complex, opaque and regressive system of revenue corrections.

By: and Date: December 12, 2019 Topic: Macroeconomic policy

To inform debate on the 2021-2027 EU budget, I estimated the impact on net balances of the 2018 European Commission multiannual budget proposal, under three scenarios: elimination of rebates for all of the 2021-2027 new budget period, gradual elimination of rebates and non-elimination of rebates. These estimates were done on the basis of the EU’s ‘operating budgetary balance’ indicator, and on the basis of a new and broader indicator, the ‘net direct balance’. The calculation also takes into account the estimated net contribution of the United Kingdom to the 2021-2027 EU budget based on the draft EU-UK withdrawal agreement.

Under the baseline scenario of the Commission’s proposal, those member states that currently benefit from rebates would face between 0.01 percent of GNI and 0.06 percent of GNI increases in their net contributions to the EU budget, measured by the EU’s operating budgetary balance indicator.

Meanwhile, central and eastern European member states that received several percent of their GNI as net payments from the EU in 2014-2020 would face significant reductions, though they would still receive net payments of about two percent of their GNI in 2021-2027.

The methodology in this paper can be easily applied to estimate the net balance implications of any new MFF proposal.

Read article More on this topic More by this author
 

Blog Post

European governance

Does the war in Ukraine call for a new Next Generation EU?

The European Union should take significant economic measures in response to the war in Ukraine, but a new Next Generation EU is not needed yet.

By: André Sapir Topic: European governance Date: May 17, 2022
Read article More by this author
 

Blog Post

European governance

The puzzle of European Union recovery plan assessments

Identical European Commission assessments that EU countries’ recovery plan cost justifications are ‘medium-quality’ undermine trust in the assessments and raise questions about whether recovery money will be well spent.

By: Zsolt Darvas Topic: European governance, Macroeconomic policy Date: February 8, 2022
Read article
 

External Publication

European governance

EU borrowing—time to think of the generation after next

Financing post-pandemic recovery via EU borrowing has proved remarkably straightforward. So why keep it temporary?

By: Grégory Claeys, Rebecca Christie and Pauline Weil Topic: European governance, Macroeconomic policy Date: December 9, 2021
Read article Download PDF
 

Policy Contribution

European governance

Next Generation EU borrowing: a first assessment

The Next Generation EU programme is radically changing the way the EU finances itself and interacts with financial markets. This paper assesses the first design decisions made by the European Commission and the issuances that have taken place so far. It also outlines the potential risks and opportunities linked to this upgrading of the EU borrowing.

By: Rebecca Christie, Grégory Claeys and Pauline Weil Topic: Banking and capital markets, European governance, Macroeconomic policy Date: November 10, 2021
Read article Download PDF More by this author
 

Parliamentary Testimony

European governanceEuropean Parliament

An overview of the Recovery and Resilience Plans

Testimony before the European Parliament’s Committee for Budgetary Control (CONT) on the topic "Capacity for proper expenditure controls of the increased budget of the MFF and NGEU".

By: Zsolt Darvas Topic: European governance, European Parliament, Macroeconomic policy, Testimonies Date: November 2, 2021
Read article More on this topic More by this author
 

Podcast

Podcast

The EU recovery fund - state of play and outlook

Live from the Annual Meetings: Bruegel Director Guntram Wolff discusses the EU recovery fund, its state of play and outlook with Nadia Calviño, First Vice-President and Minister for Economy and Digitalization of Spain and Professor Karolina Ekholm of Stockholm University.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Macroeconomic policy Date: September 1, 2021
Read about event More on this topic
 

Past Event

Past Event

The EU recovery fund - state of play and outlook

Bruegel Annual Meetings, Day 1- In The Sound of Economics Live session we will discuss the EU recovery fund, its state of play and outlook.

Speakers: Nadia Calviño, Karolina Ekholm and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Macroeconomic policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: September 1, 2021
Read about event
 

Past Event

Past Event

Investment firepower for the recovery: a conversation with Philippe Donnet, CEO of Assicurazioni Generali

At this event the CEO of Assicurazioni Generali, Philippe Donnet will be in conversation with Guntram Wolff, Director of Bruegel.

Speakers: Philippe Donnet and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European governance, Macroeconomic policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: July 8, 2021
Read about event More on this topic
 

Past Event

Past Event

How to spend it? A closer look at the recovery plans

In this event, participants will take a closer look at the recovery plans submitted by EU countries.

Speakers: Zsolt Darvas, Alex Patelis and Maarten Verwey Topic: Macroeconomic policy Date: June 23, 2021
Read article More on this topic
 

Blog Post

Setting Europe’s economic recovery in motion: a first look at national plans

Plans for spending European Union recovery funds submitted by the four largest EU countries reflect rather different priorities. So far, only Italy is interested in borrowing from the EU.

By: Zsolt Darvas and Simone Tagliapietra Topic: Macroeconomic policy Date: April 29, 2021
Read article More on this topic More by this author
 

Blog Post

The post-coronavirus fiscal policy questions Europe must answer

Europe’s policymakers will have to take a series of decisions in the months ahead, in order to reinstate, and possibly reform, the bloc’s fiscal rulebook.

By: Thomas Wieser Topic: Macroeconomic policy Date: February 3, 2021
Read article Download PDF More on this topic More by this author
 

External Publication

Building a Euro-area Budget Inside the EU Budget: Squaring the Circle?

As part of a volume on the Multiannual Financial Framework, the EUI recently published a chapter by Grégory Claeys on the creation of a euro area budget within the EU's budget.

By: Grégory Claeys Topic: Macroeconomic policy Date: December 1, 2020
Load more posts