Podcast

Deep Focus: What is a hybrid attack?

Hybrid attacks are fast, dynamic and ever-evolving. They can cross borders and span industries. They are best dealt with at the national level, but without international cooperation, nation-states are bound to be overwhelmed. So hybrid attacks must be repelled by responsive nation-states and by cooperative international bodies.

By: Date: September 18, 2019 Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy

Increasing cyber and hybrid risks will test the European Union’s system of fragmentation on issues of security but centralisation on financial and other economic issues. This asymmetry was not an obstacle in a world in which security threats were more contained or of a different nature. But the world is changing.  But what is a hybrid attack and whose responsibility is it to deal with? Last week Bruegel’s Director, Guntram Wolff and Deputy Director Maria Demertzis presented a paper on the subject to ECOFIN, an informal meeting of European finance ministers in Helsinki. In this episode of Bruegel’s “Sound of Economics” podcast, Nicholas Barrett sits down with Guntram Wolff to find out.

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Podcast

Podcast

Global Energy Fundamentals

Bruegel research fellow Simone Tagliapietra discusses his new book, Global Energy Fundamentals.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Energy & Climate Date: September 23, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

The State of the Union going forward

In the first Sound of Economics Live episode after summer we look at the State of the Union address delivered by Ursula von der Leyen.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: September 16, 2020
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Policy Contribution

Financing the European Union: New Context, New Responses

With the European Union for the first time taking on debt to help finance the economic recovery from the coronavirus, new resources are needed to fund the EU budget. Various ideas have been floated – including a digital tax and a financial transactions tax – but the most appropriate new resource would be revenues from the EU emissions trading system, which could provide enough funding to repay the EU's coronavirus borrowing.

By: Clemens Fuest and Jean Pisani-Ferry Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: September 11, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

For a better, more sovereign Europe

Keynote address by the German Federal Minister of Finance Olaf Scholz at Bruegel Annual Meetings, 3 September 2020

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Finance & Financial Regulation Date: September 9, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

REOPENING EUROPE - Reopening Future?

Imagining a society, an economy and politics cohabiting with the virus and eventually overcoming it.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: August 19, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

REOPENING EUROPE - Reopening Common Good?

What should be the ground rules to support more sustainable business in a post-pandemic world?

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: August 12, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

REOPENING EUROPE - Reopening Tourism?

In this episode we unpack some reflections about tourism we have collected during the Reopening Europe journey.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: August 5, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

REOPENING EUROPE - Reopening Borders?

In June 2020, as Europe reopened after lockdown, we crossed ten national borders. We listened to diverse citizens, from passers-by to politicians, business people to artists, recording, documenting, and publishing stories.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: July 29, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

REOPENING EUROPE - Reopening Governance?

This is a summer feature of the Sound of Economics in cooperation with the Reopening Europe project.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: July 23, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

The benefits of the single market - the case of last enlargement

As the Brexit negotiations are entering their final straight line, the question of trade agreements is heating up. Economists talk about the “cost of non Europe”. How much each country has gained from belonging to the EU’s single market? How much would it have missed out on if it didn’t belong to the single market? […]

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Global Economics & Governance Date: July 15, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

Apps without borders? How COVID-19 apps show the limits of the EU digital single market

In their toolkit against a pandemic that knows no borders, several EU countries have bet on new technology from our era of globalisation: digital contact tracing COVID-19 apps. But the way they've been rolled out illustrate troublesome limits to the EU digital single market.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: July 9, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

Financial fragility after #COVID19

Before the pandemic hit, a substantial share of households reported that they would be unable to handle a financial emergency. In some EU countries, many had savings equivalent to just a few weeks of basic consumption.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance Date: July 2, 2020
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