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Policy Brief

The threats to the European Union’s economic sovereignty

Memo to the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. The authors describe the current context and the increasing interlinkages between economics and power politics and the role to play in reinforcing and defending Europe’s economic sovereignty.

By: and Date: July 4, 2019 Topic: Global economy and trade

Economics used to play a limited role in foreign policy, which was about wars, conflicts and human disasters – and how to avoid them. But neither China nor the United States now separates economics from geopolitics.

The competition between them is simultaneously an economic competition and a security competition. This is a threat to the multilateral system the European Union has relied on for nearly seven decades and to the EU’s separation of external economic relationships from geopolitics.

The role of the High Representative and of the future Commission will be to redefine for the EU its concept of economic sovereignty and the instruments it needs to defend and promote it.

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China's Belt and Road Initiative is undergoing a transformation after two years of pandemic. How is it changing and what are the consequences for Europe.

Speakers: Alessia Amighini, Eyck Freymann, Alicia García-Herrero and Zhang Xiaotong Topic: Global economy and trade Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: June 23, 2022
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By: Alicia García-Herrero Topic: Global economy and trade Date: April 1, 2022
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Policy Contribution

Inclusive growth

Better pensions for the European Union’s self-employed

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By: Rebecca Christie, Monika Grzegorczyk and Diane Mulcahy Topic: Inclusive growth Date: March 24, 2022
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China can see the limits of bailing out Russia's economy

Beijing will support Moscow as long as it does not fall foul of Western sanctions.

By: Alicia García-Herrero Topic: Global economy and trade Date: March 16, 2022
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By: Nicolas Véron and Alan Wm. Wolff Topic: Global economy and trade Date: March 15, 2022
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European governance

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European Union membership for Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine is at present unrealistic, but they should be offered more than Association Agreements.

By: André Sapir Topic: European governance, Global economy and trade Date: March 14, 2022
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