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Working Paper

China and the world trade organisation: towards a better fit

China’s participation in the WTO has been anything but smooth, as its self-proclaimed socialist market economy system has alienated its trading partners. The WTO needs to translate some of its implicit legal understanding into explicit treaty language, in order to retain its principles while accommodating China.

By: and Date: June 13, 2019 Topic: Global economy and trade

China’s accession to the World Trade Organisation in 2001 was hailed as the natural conclusion of a long march that started with the reforms of Deng Xiaoping in the 1970s. However, China’s participation in the WTO has been anything but smooth. Its self-proclaimed socialist market economy system has alienated its trading partners. Two diametrically opposite approaches have been proposed to deal with the emerging problems. One is to demand that China changes its economic regime. The other is to stay idle and accept that the WTO must accommodate different economic regimes, no matter how idiosyncratic. In this paper, we argue that there is a more promising third way. In our view, the problems posed by China arise from the fact that, while in the past the GATT/WTO had to address the accession of socialist countries or of big trading nations, it never had to deal with a big, socialist country like China. In order to retain its principles while accommodating China, the WTO needs to translate some of its implicit legal understanding into explicit treaty language. We advance specific proposals to this effect.

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Opinion

How Chinese competition helps western conglomerates

Firms like GE and Siemens may well find that their decision to split their businesses into multiple companies leads to increased profits and higher stock prices. But recent research indicates that this is not the only way conglomerates can boost efficiency.

By: Dalia Marin Topic: Global economy and trade Date: January 17, 2022
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Podcast

Podcast

Understanding Japan’s economic relations with China

What can Europe learn?

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Global economy and trade Date: January 12, 2022
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Upcoming Event

Feb
2
14:00

Towards an inventory of corporate subsidies by China, the EU and the USA

In this event panelists will discuss the latest report of the 28th Global Trade Alert Report, 'Subsidies and market access: Towards an inventory of corporate subsidies by China, the European Union and the United States'.

Speakers: Simon J. Evenett, Denis Redonnet, André Sapir and Reinhilde Veugelers Topic: Global economy and trade Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
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Opinion

How an open climate club can generate carbon dividends for the poor

The German-led G7 can accelerate decarbonisation while tackling climate justice.

By: Andreas Goldthau and Simone Tagliapietra Topic: Green economy Date: January 11, 2022
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Upcoming Event

Feb
8
14:00

Is China’s private sector advancing or retreating?

A look into the Chinese private sector.

Speakers: Reinhard Bütikofer, Nicolas Véron and Alicia García-Herrero Topic: Global economy and trade
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Working Paper

Timely measurement of real effective exchange rates

This paper contributes to the measurement of monthly consumer price index-based real effective exchange rates with two main novelties.

By: Zsolt Darvas Topic: Global economy and trade Date: December 23, 2021
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Blog Post

European governanceInclusive growth

12 Charts for 21

A selection of charts from Bruegel’s weekly newsletter, analysis of the year and what it meant for the economy in Europe and the world.

By: Hèctor Badenes, Henry Naylor, Giuseppe Porcaro and Yuyun Zhan Topic: Banking and capital markets, Digital economy and innovation, European governance, Global economy and trade, Green economy, Inclusive growth, Macroeconomic policy Date: December 21, 2021
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Podcast

Podcast

What to watch in 2022: China's economic outlook

Our end of 2021 recap of China’s economic activities.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Global economy and trade Date: December 8, 2021
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Blog Post

European governance

The Global Gateway: a real step towards a stronger Europe in the world?

Disappointment at the lack of fresh cash from European Union global connectivity strategy is short-sighted: Europe supports global development more than any other country in the world. Using existing funds more strategically is the right priority for now.

By: Simone Tagliapietra Topic: European governance, Global economy and trade Date: December 7, 2021
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External Publication

Chinese economic statecraft: what to expect in the next five years?

Chapter from 'Storms Ahead: the Future Geoeconomic world order' on the expectations from the next five years of Chinese economic policy, published on 27 October 2021.

By: Alicia García-Herrero Topic: Global economy and trade Date: November 26, 2021
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Blog Post

Goodbye Glasgow: what’s next for global climate action?

After COP26, and as the debate on whether Glasgow represents a success or a failure dies down, what next for global climate action?

By: Klaas Lenaerts and Simone Tagliapietra Topic: Green economy Date: November 18, 2021
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Podcast

Podcast

Why is China cracking down on big tech?

A look at China’s recent regulatory efforts in the digital space.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Global economy and trade Date: November 10, 2021
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