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External Publication

Export and patent specialization in low carbon technologies

The low-carbon technology sector is going through a period of disruptive innovation and strongly increased investment, which is likely to continue. Global investment in new renewable power is the largest area of electricity spending. The political momentum to combat climate change was reinforced in the Paris Agreement, when almost every country in the world agreed to aim for carbon neutrality in the second half of the century.

By: , and Date: August 7, 2018 Topic: Digital economy and innovation

This contribution is a chapter of the Global Innovation Index 2018, co-published by Cornell University, INSEAD, and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).

This chapter assesses the potential of countries to excel in technologies deemed essential for the low-carbon transition based on their export and technological specializations. Global trade and patenting patterns over the past two decades are analysed to uncover the persistence and current state of competitive advantages in the low-carbon sector.

Moreover, this chapter investigates countries’ potential to develop a specialization—in terms of both exports and patenting—in certain technologies, based on their strength in related sectors and developments in similar countries. The analysis relies on systematic evidence originating from the regional growth literature triggered by Hidalgo et al. (2007), which found that countries diversify into industries that are closely related to current export strengths.

The chapter explores global dynamics in low-carbon technologies and the persistence of export and technology specialization profiles. Subsequently, it analyses which countries currently specialize in the low-carbon technologies considered and which countries have the potential to develop a competitive edge in the future.

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Blog Post

Inclusive growth

An inclusive European Union must boost gig workers’ rights

A European initiative strengthening rights for gig workers is welcome. A digitised economy should also be inclusive.

By: Mario Mariniello Topic: Digital economy and innovation, Inclusive growth Date: December 7, 2021
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External Publication

Europe's path to net-zero

Fostering the industrial component of the European Green Deal: key principles and policy options.

By: Simone Tagliapietra and Reinhilde Veugelers Topic: Green economy Date: December 3, 2021
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Past Event

Past Event

European Green Deal beyond the Brussels climate bubble

How can the European Green Deal be implemented beyond Brussels?

Speakers: Maciej Bukowski, Sarah Coupechoux, Zsolt Darvas, Susi Dennison, Michal Horvath, Lara Lázaro, Marie Le Mouel, Michael Losch, Giulia Novati, Davide Panzeri, Thomas Pellerin-Carlin, Nolan Theisen, Shahin Vallée, Marc Vanheukelen and Georg Zachmann Topic: Green economy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: December 2, 2021
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Past Event

Past Event

China’s medium term outlook: Will innovation save China from becoming old before it becomes rich?

What can China do to stop the deceleration of its economy. Is innovation the solution?

Speakers: Jean-Francois Di Meglio, Alicia García-Herrero and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Digital economy and innovation, Global economy and trade Date: December 1, 2021
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External Publication

'In Situ' Data Rights

Privacy empowers individuals to control what is gathered and who sees it; portability permits analysis and creates competition. By moving our data to portals that would share more value in return, we might capture more of our data value. After all, that data concerns us.

By: Bertin Martens, Geoffrey Parker, Georgios Petropoulos and Marshall Van Alstyne Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: December 1, 2021
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Policy Contribution

What is holding back artificial intelligence adoption in Europe?

To accelerate the roll-out of AI technology across the European Union, policymakers should alleviate constraints to adoption faced by firms, both in the environmental context and in the technological context.

By: Mia Hoffmann and Laura Nurski Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: November 30, 2021
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Past Event

Past Event

Role of innovation in decarbonisation

A fireside conversation with Eni CEO Claudio Descalzi on decarbonisation.

Speakers: Claudio Descalzi and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Green economy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: November 29, 2021
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Podcast

Podcast

COP26: global stocktake and what’s next

What happened and what didn’t happen at COP26?

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Green economy Date: November 25, 2021
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Past Event

COP26: global stocktake and what’s next

In this episode of the Sound of Economics Live, join us as we contribute to the global stocktake of the climate summit, to foster a clearer understanding of the game changers and the missed opportunities.

Speakers: Li Shuo, Diederik Samsom, Simone Tagliapietra and Laurence Tubiana Topic: Green economy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: November 25, 2021
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Parliamentary Testimony

Dutch Parliament

The future of the stability and growth pact

Testimony given to a Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal roundtable discussion on the future of the stability and growth pact.

By: Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Dutch Parliament Date: November 24, 2021
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External Publication

European Parliament

Decarbonisation of energy

Determining a robust mix of energy carriers for a carbon-neutral EU

By: Ben McWilliams, Georg Zachmann, Franziska Holz, Alexander Roth, Robin Sogalla, Frank Meissner and Claudia Kemfert Topic: European Parliament, Green economy, Testimonies Date: November 22, 2021
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Past Event

Past Event

Covid recovery and the green transition: What can promotional banks do?

What is the role of promotional banks in financing the green transition?

Speakers: Sophie Barbier, Maria Demertzis, Ricardo Mourinho and Lucinio Muñoz Topic: Green economy Date: November 18, 2021
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