Download publication

Working Paper

How big is China’s digital economy?

The rise of influential Chinese digital giants, including Baidu, Alibaba, Tencent and Xiaomi has shown the world that China is a global leader in digital innovation and it is not surprising that China has started to influence the global digital market. But is China exploiting its full potential in this area? To answer this question, the authors assess how big China’s digital economy is relative to the rest of its economy, and how China performs compared to the rest of the world.

By: and Date: May 17, 2018 Topic: Global economy and trade

This paper reviews international measures of the digital economy and compares them with those developed by Chinese officials and private sources. Given the lack of comparability, we use China’s input and output and census data to come up with an internationally comparable estimate of the size of China’s information and communication technology (ICT) sector (the core of digital economy), in terms of both value added and employment.

Based on the latest available statistics, our measurements indicate that China’s digital economy is not bigger relative to the size of the Chinese economy than the OECD average, especially in terms of ICT employment. This finding, which might look striking based on the current perception of China’s digital economy, masks large differences across regions (with Beijing, Guangdong and Shanghai ahead of the OECD average).

Read article More by this author
 

Podcast

Podcast

Make AI boring again

How can AI education improve workers' experience?

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Digital economy and innovation, Inclusive growth Date: January 19, 2022
Read about event More on this topic
 

Past Event

Past Event

Productivity and the role of Global Value Chains

The 3rd MICROPROD Policy Dialogue will tackle how Global Value Chains (GVC) and productivity affect the fourth industrial revolution.

Speakers: Carlo Altomonte, Eric Bartelsman, Maria Demertzis and Margit Molnar Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: January 18, 2022
Read article More on this topic More by this author
 

Opinion

How Chinese competition helps western conglomerates

Firms like GE and Siemens may well find that their decision to split their businesses into multiple companies leads to increased profits and higher stock prices. But recent research indicates that this is not the only way conglomerates can boost efficiency.

By: Dalia Marin Topic: Global economy and trade Date: January 17, 2022
Read about event More on this topic
 

Upcoming Event

Feb
2
14:00

Towards an inventory of corporate subsidies by China, the EU and the USA

In this event panelists will discuss the latest report of the 28th Global Trade Alert Report, 'Subsidies and market access: Towards an inventory of corporate subsidies by China, the European Union and the United States'.

Speakers: Simon J. Evenett, Denis Redonnet, André Sapir and Reinhilde Veugelers Topic: Global economy and trade Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
Read article More on this topic More by this author
 

Podcast

Podcast

Understanding Japan’s economic relations with China

What can Europe learn?

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Global economy and trade Date: January 12, 2022
Read article More on this topic
 

Opinion

How an open climate club can generate carbon dividends for the poor

The German-led G7 can accelerate decarbonisation while tackling climate justice.

By: Andreas Goldthau and Simone Tagliapietra Topic: Green economy Date: January 11, 2022
Read article Download PDF More on this topic More by this author
 

Working Paper

Timely measurement of real effective exchange rates

This paper contributes to the measurement of monthly consumer price index-based real effective exchange rates with two main novelties.

By: Zsolt Darvas Topic: Global economy and trade Date: December 23, 2021
Read article
 

Blog Post

European governanceInclusive growth

12 Charts for 21

A selection of charts from Bruegel’s weekly newsletter, analysis of the year and what it meant for the economy in Europe and the world.

By: Hèctor Badenes, Henry Naylor, Giuseppe Porcaro and Yuyun Zhan Topic: Banking and capital markets, Digital economy and innovation, European governance, Global economy and trade, Green economy, Inclusive growth, Macroeconomic policy Date: December 21, 2021
Read article Download PDF More on this topic
 

Working Paper

Market power and artificial intelligence work on online labour markets

In this working paper, the authors investigate three alternative but complementary indicators of market power on one of the largest online labour markets (OLMs) in Europe.

By: Néstor Duch-Brown, Estrella Gomez-Herrera, Frank Mueller-Langer and Songül Tolan Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: December 16, 2021
Read article
 

Blog Post

Inclusive growth

Which platforms will be caught by the Digital Markets Act? The ‘gatekeeper’ dilemma

The scope of the Digital Markets Act has emerged as one of the most contentious issues in the regulatory discussion. Here, we assess which companies could potentially be considered ‘gatekeepers’.

By: Mario Mariniello and Catarina Martins Topic: Digital economy and innovation, Inclusive growth Date: December 14, 2021
Read about event More on this topic
 

Past Event

Past Event

How to deal with small banks: consolidation, tailoring and the fintech challenge

Small banks face multiple challenges. What structural changes are needed to tackle these pressures?

Speakers: Alexander Lehmann, Nicolas Véron, Xavier Vives, Anne Fröhling and Philip Evans Topic: Banking and capital markets Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: December 9, 2021
Read article More on this topic More by this author
 

Podcast

Podcast

What to watch in 2022: China's economic outlook

Our end of 2021 recap of China’s economic activities.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Global economy and trade Date: December 8, 2021
Load more posts