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Policy Contribution

E-commerce in Europe: parcel delivery prices in a digital single market

The expansion of e-commerce, a substantial growth opportunity for Europe, is hampered by high cross-border parcel delivery prices. This paper analyses the economics of cross-border parcel delivery and it draws a comparison with the telecommunications sector.

By: , and Date: May 25, 2016 Topic: Digital economy and innovation

Highlights

In its Digital Single Market strategy, the European Commission has rightly noted the importance of reducing the price paid for basic cross-border parcel delivery by consumers and by small and medium size retail senders.

The payment flows for cross-border parcel delivery are strikingly similar to those for telecommunications. Comparisons with roaming can be instructive. As with roaming, it is clear that the links between wholesale payments between the national postal operators and retail prices need to be properly understood in order to craft good policy. Another useful lesson is that national postal regulatory authorities are unlikely to address cross-border problems because of limitations in their respective mandates and because they have no incentive to take measures to benefit residents of other countries.

There are also significant differences between roaming and parcel delivery. While high wholesale charges were a major driver of high retail prices for international mobile roaming, the wholesale payments for cross-border parcel delivery appear to be below cost. This implies that it is the ‘spread’ between retail price and the wholesale payment that is inflated, at least for small retail senders and for consumers.

Comprehensive statistics gathering, coordinated at European level, is indispensable.

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Blog Post

A practical arrangement for cooperation between digital economy regulators

Overlapping rules in the digital economy require cooperation between national regulatory authorities; a practical arrangement based on case information, case allocation and case resolution would ensure consistency and effective enforcement.

By: Christophe Carugati Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: June 13, 2022
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Blog Post

Insights for successful enforcement of Europe’s Digital Markets Act

The European Commission will enforce digital competition rules against big tech; internally, it should ensure a dedicated process and teams; externally, it should ensure cooperation with other jurisdictions and coherence with other digital policies.

By: Christophe Carugati and Catarina Martins Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: May 11, 2022
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Past Event

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Who will enforce the Digital Markets Act?

While the Digital Markets Act entered its first trilogue, what will be the enforcement role of the Commission and the Member States?

Speakers: Christophe Carugati, Cani Fernández, Assimakis Komninos and Georgios Petropoulos Topic: Digital economy and innovation Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: March 22, 2022
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The dark side of artificial intelligence: manipulation of human behaviour

Transparency over systems and algorithms, rules and public awareness are needed to address potential danger of manipulation by artificial intelligence.

By: Georgios Petropoulos Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: February 2, 2022
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Which platforms will be caught by the Digital Markets Act? The ‘gatekeeper’ dilemma

The scope of the Digital Markets Act has emerged as one of the most contentious issues in the regulatory discussion. Here, we assess which companies could potentially be considered ‘gatekeepers’.

By: Mario Mariniello and Catarina Martins Topic: Digital economy and innovation, Inclusive growth Date: December 14, 2021
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Regulating big tech: the Digital Markets Act

The European Union’s proposed Digital Markets Act will attempt to control online gatekeepers by subjecting them to a wider range of upfront constraints.

By: Julia Anderson and Mario Mariniello Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: February 16, 2021
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Opinion

Regulation in the era of matchmaking economics

New approaches and new tools are needed to prevent excessive concentration of economic power in the hands of a few matchmaking digital platforms that form multi-sided markets. Regulation in this area is only just emerging.

By: Maria Demertzis Topic: Macroeconomic policy Date: January 5, 2021
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Past Event

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An alternative mobile operating environment?

Walking the wire: we discuss risks and benefits involved for the EU should it embark on developing a new smartphone operating system.

Speakers: Hosuk Lee-Makiyama, J. Scott Marcus, Renato Nazzini, Peter Stuckmann and Andreas Zimmer Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: April 29, 2020
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Blog Post

In an era of digitalisation, the Single Market needs a software update

This blog post is part of a series following the 2019 Bruegel annual meetings, which brought together nearly 1,000 participants for two days of policy debate and discussion. For more from the sessions, check out our special-edition podcasts and live audio and video recordings of the event’s public panels.

By: Reinhilde Veugelers and Bruegel Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: September 19, 2019
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Podcast

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Backstage at BAM19: How can Europe's economy thrive in the digital age?

Backstage at the Bruegel Annual Meetings, Giuseppe Porcaro talks with session chair Reinhilde Veugelers on Europe's economy in the digital age.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: September 4, 2019
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Blueprint

Digitalisation and European welfare states

EU policymakers must find answers to pressing questions: if technology has a negative impact on labour income, how will the welfare state be funded? How can workers’ welfare rights be adequately secured? A team of Bruegel scholars, with the support of the Mastercard Center for Inclusive Growth, has taken on these questions.

By: Georgios Petropoulos, J. Scott Marcus, Nicolas Moës and Enrico Bergamini Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: July 9, 2019
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Podcast

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Deep Focus: Developing Europe's digital single market

Bruegel senior fellow J. Scott Marcus joins Sean Gibson for this episode of Deep Focus on the 'The Sound of Economics', elaborating on a Bruegel study for the European Parliament into the progress made with the Commission's Digital Single Market Strategy since 2015.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: February 12, 2019
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